This explains the common Tier 1 entrepreneur visa refusal reasons in the light of the Tier 1 Genuine Entrepreneur Test. Perhaps, its introduction in Jan 2013, the subjective nature of the genuineness test is the main cause of Tier 1 entrepreneur visa refusals. Apparently, the test is for determining the intentions of an applicant for doing genuine business activity in the UK. Accordingly, the post covers the details of the genuine entrepreneur test in the context of the purpose of the Tier 1 entrepreneur route. Moreover, the post discusses the elements of the test and how business plan, documentary evidence and interview help in gauging the genuine intentions of doing business in the UK by a Tier 1 entrepreneur applicants.
For successful representation of your initial, leave to remain, extension and indefinite leave to remain application, administrative review and judicial review contact Tier 1 Entrepreneur Solicitors London.
What is Genuine Entrepreneur Test for UK Tier 1 Visa Applicants?
Perhaps, the reason for conducting the genuine entrepreneur test is linked with the purpose of the Tier 1 entrepreneur route. The Tier 1 Entrepreneur immigration route is an effective route to allow entrepreneurs to set up and grow a business for delivering significant economic benefits to UK residents. Since its introduction in 2008, there has been a wide spectrum of activity on Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa route. At the top end, there are examples of Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) migrants establishing highly innovative, high growth potential businesses. At the bottom end of the spectrum, there is no significant activity that is neither entrepreneurial nor economically beneficial to the UK residents. In between, there is a large proportion of Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) migrants establish low-value businesses with the limited potential to grow or contribute to innovation or productivity growth.
Elements of Genuine Entrepreneur Test
All Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) migrants making an initial application are also subject to a genuine entrepreneur test and must, therefore, show that:
- they genuinely intend and are able to establish, take over or become a director of one or more businesses in the UK within the next six months;
- they genuinely intend to invest the requisite money in the business or businesses referred to;
- the money is genuinely available to the applicant and will remain available to the applicant until such time as it is spent for the purposes of their business or businesses; and
- they do not intend to take employment in the UK other than working in their business.
The genuine entrepreneur test can also be applied when applications for leave to remain and indefinite leave to remain are being considered. Here it is important to note that since entrepreneurship is a risky and, many genuine entrepreneurs fail; however, the low evidence of tax activity suggests that there is a reasonable amount of non-compliance, which makes genuine entrepreneur test altogether more critical extension applications.
How the Genuineness Test is Conducted?
The Genuine Entrepreneur Test for Tier-1 Entrepreneur can be conducted in the following three (3) ways:
- where the evaluating officer deems it appropriate that there is no need for further evidence from an applicant, a paper genuineness consideration could be initiated on the evidence furnished with the application;
- if further information is necessary from the applicant to make the paper genuineness consideration, the applicant is provided 28 calendar days from the date of request to submit this evidence;
- if the credibility of the applicant could not be determined from a paper genuineness test, then the applicant could be interviewed either in person, by telephone or by video conference.
Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) migrants making an initial application are required to provide a business plan to the Home Office, setting out their proposed business activities in the UK and how they expect to make their business succeed. The viability and credibility of the business plan and market research into the chosen business sector are also taken into account, along with the criteria outlined above, as part of the genuine entrepreneur test applied by caseworkers.
From April 2015, applicants for entry clearance are required to submit a business plan and, where relying on funds held themselves, must provide evidence of the third party source of the funds if they have held the funds for less than 90 days. In addition, the genuine entrepreneur test was extended to cover applications for extensions and indefinite leave to remain under this route. Restrictions were also introduced for those switching from the Tier 1 (General) route.
Additional information can be requested to support the assessment of the application, and Tier-1 Entrepreneur Application can be refused if the evidence is not provided. Any requested documents must be received within 28 calendar days of the date of the request.
Migrants must comply with any request made for them to attend an interview unless a reasonable explanation is provided as to why they cannot comply.
Reasons for Refusal After Interview
In most cases the applicant was unable to show sufficient knowledge about their business plan, or had no evidence to show that they had carried out any market research. There were a few cases where the caseworker had commented that large parts of the business plan seemed to have been taken from generic examples from a commercial website providing off-the-shelf business plans.
What is Considered during the Evaluation Process?
Whilst making the decision the following are considered:
- the evidence submitted.
- the viability and credibility of the source of the money, which is available for investment.
- the viability and credibility of the migrant’s business plan and market research into their chosen business sector.
- their previous educational and business experience (or lack thereof).
- their immigration history and previous activity in the UK.
- if the nature of the business requires mandatory accreditation, registration and/or insurance, whether that accreditation, registration and/or insurance has been obtained.
- any other relevant information that can be considered within the context of the genuineness test for Tier 1 Entrepreneur Applicants as drafted in the Immigration Rules.
Previous Refusals and Credibility of the Applicants
If the applicant has had a previous Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) application refused on credibility grounds, a full Genuineness Test will be carried out and application can be refused if there is no reason to believe the applicant’s circumstances have changed to show they have now become a genuine entrepreneur.
If the immigration officer is not satisfied with the genuineness of the application in relation to a points-scoring requirement in Appendix A of the Immigration Rules, then he would not award those points. Under the Tier-1 Genuine Entrepreneur Test, an application can be refused even if the migrant meets the required points total but the application failed to satisfy that the migrant is a genuine entrepreneur.
Rise in Refusal Rate
It is likely that the introduction of the genuine entrepreneur test has been a contributing factor in the rise in Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) application refusal rates which rose from 36 per cent in 2012 to 49 per cent in 2014 for in-country applications and for out-of-country applicants rose from 21 percent in 2012 to 44 per cent in 2014.
Impact on Success Rate
Since the year ending June 2014, just over half of Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) applications have been successful. The refusal rate for out-of-country Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) applications increased significantly in 2013, likely driven by the introduction of the genuine entrepreneur test. In the year ending June 2015, 2,033 Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) main applicant out-of-country applications were resolved, of which 975 were refused, indicating a refusal rate of approximately 48 per cent. This refusal rate had fallen back to 44 per cent in 2014 from its peak of 52 per cent in the year to March 2014, but has since risen again. The refusal rate for the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa is rather high and is significantly higher than the refusal rates for the Tier 1 (Investor) and Tier 2 routes in the same period, standing at nine per cent and two per cent respectively.
Perhaps, to know more about UK Visa and Immigration please refer: UK Priority Visa Service, UK Settlement Visa Processing Time, UK Tourist Visa Processing Time After Biometrics, UK Visa Delay Reasons, UK Visa Reapply or Appeal, UK Immigration Appeal Waiting Time and UK Visa Appeal Solicitors