This relates to the USA visa refusal rate during FY 2018 for all types of nonimmigrant applications such as B1/B2, H1B, F1, J1, C1, K1 etc. Accordingly, the post covers the following topics:
- Overview of US immigrant and nonimmigrant visa applications 2016-18
- US nonimmigrant visa (NIV) 2016-18
- US immigrant visa issuance at the foreign service posts 2016-18
- USA visa refusal rate for all types of NIV applications in 2018
- B-type visa and border crossing cards
- H-type temporary work visa
- F-type student visa
- J-type exchange visitor visa
- C and D-type transit visa
- L-type intracompany transferee visa
- A-type visa for diplomats
- K-type fiance(e) visa
- Other types of US nonimmigrant visas (NIV)
1) Overview of US immigrant and nonimmigrant visa applications
Perhaps, the foreign service posts (i.e. US embassies and consulates) mainly issue nonimmigrant visas, including the border crossing cards. Accordingly, the nonimmigrant visas nearly comprise 95% of the visas issued by US embassies and consulates.
|Immigrant and NIV issued from outside the US||2016||2017||2018|
|Total immigrant and NIV issued||10,999,243||10,241,449||9,561,583|
|Immigrant visa issued at Foreign Service Posts||617,752||559,536||533,557|
|NIV issued (incl. B1/B2/Border Crossing Cards)||10,381,491||9,681,913||9,028,026|
|B1/B2/Border Crossing Cards||[1,106,723]||[1,073,915]||[1,032,467]|
US nonimmigrant visa (NIV) 2016-18
During FY 2018, a total of 12.76m decisions made at the foreign service posts relating to the US nonimmigrant visa (NIV) applications. And 9.02m NIV issued and 3.73m applications refused. Accordingly, the USA visa refusal rate for FY 2018 was 29.25% for all types of nonimmigrant visa (NIV) applications.
Perhaps, the nonimmigrant USA visa refusal rate for FY 2018 (29.25%) was higher than that for FY 2016 (26.34%) and FY 2017 (26.80%). Moreover, the total number of decisions during a fiscal year (FY) is also showing a declining trend during the 2016-18 period. Apparently, the number of decision declined from 14.09m in 2016 to 12.76m in 2018.
|US Nonimmigrant Visa (NIV) Applications||FY 2016||FY 2017||FY 2018|
|US visa refusal rate for NIV||26.34%||26.80%||29.25%|
|Total decisions made during the FY (Oct 1 - Sept 30)||14,093,044||13,227,202||12,760,340|
US immigrant visa issuance at the foreign service posts 2016-18
Apparently, the number of US immigrant visas issued at US embassies and consulates declined from 617,752 in 2016 to 533,557 in 2018. Perhaps, this is mainly due to a substantial drop in immediate relatives category. And also due to a slight decrease in the family-sponsored preference category. However, the number of employment-based and diversity immigrant visa categories are showing an upward trend during the period.
US Immigrant Visa Issued at Foreign Service Posts 2016 2017 2018
Total US Immigrant Visa Issued 617,752 559,536 533,557
Immediate Relatives - Immigrant 315,352 254,430 236,526
Family Sponsored Preference 215,498 212,155 211,641
Diversity Immigrants 45,664 49,067 48,578
Employment-Based Preference 25,056 23,814 27,345
Special Immigrants 16,176 20,034 9,375
Vietnam Amerasian Immigrants 6 36 92
Armed Forces Special Immigrants 0 0 0
2) USA visa refusal rate for all types of NIV in 2018
Perhaps, the US B1/2 visa is the most popular type of US nonimmigrant visa (NIV). Accordingly, during 2018, the total decisions (9.98m) relating to US type-B visa for business and tourism, inclusive of B1/B2 combination border crossing cards for Mexican citizens, approx accounts for 78% of all the NIV decisions (12.76m). Therefore, it is pertinent to mention that when people are talking about the US visa, they are actually referring to the US B1/B2 visa.
The table below provides the details of US visa refusal rate for the most popular US NIV applications.
|US nonimmigrant visa refusal rate for:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US visa refusal rate FY 2018||29.25%||12,760,340||9,028,026||3,732,314||794,963|
|B-type visa and border crossing cards||31.82%||9,990,522||6,811,878||3,178,644||490,329|
|H-type temporary work visa||15.50%||701,963||593,191||108,772||83,435|
|F-type student visa||35.09%||600,164||389,579||210,585||73,680|
|J-type exchange visitor visa||16.18%||455,983||382,219||73,764||44,538|
|C and D-type transit visa||9.91%||345,525||311,298||34,227||19,075|
|L-type intracompany transferee visa||15.47%||181,116||153,099||28,017||16,635|
|A-type visa for diplomats||14.73%||133,488||113,820||19,668||15,813|
|K-type fiance(e) visa||41.75%||49,204||28,662||20,542||11,407|
|Other nonimmigrant visa (NIV)||19.21%||302,375||244,280||58,095||40,051|
USA visa refusal rate for B1/B2 applications
During 2018, a total of 6.81m US B type visas issued and 3.17m applications refused. Therefore, the USA visa refusal rate during 2018 for B-type visa applications was 31.82%.
Refusal decisions waived/overcome during the year
During 2018 a total of 490,329 decisions relating to US type-B visa were waived. Therefore, the adjusted rejection rate for B type visa is, in fact, lower than 31.82%. However, it is not correct to compute the rejection rate simply by subtracting the number of waived/overcome decisions (490,329) from the refused applications (3.17m) as a number of waived/overcome decision may relate to an earlier year.
|Type-B subclass US visa refusal rate for:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US type-B visa refusal rate 2018||31.82%||9,990,522||6,811,878||3,178,644||490,329|
|B1||Temporary visitor for business||27.92%||53,700||38,705||14,995||6,669|
|B1/B2||Temporary visitor for business and pleasure||32.39%||8,443,492||5,708,278||2,735,214||446,345|
|B1/B2/BCC||Combination B1/B2 and Border Crossing Card||29.56%||1,367,021||962,888||404,133||31,891|
|B1/B2/BCV||Combination B1/B2 and Border Crossing Card (Lincoln Foil)||13.34%||80,288||69,579||10,709||2,345|
|B2||Temporary visitor for pleasure||29.54%||46,021||32,428||13,593||3,079|
USA visa refusal rate for the H-type work visa
Apparently, during 2018, a total of 701,963 applications decided for US nonimmigrant type-H work and training visa. Accordingly, a total of 593,191 US type-H work visa issued and 108,772 applications refused. Therefore, the USA visa refusal rate for nonimmigrant work visa during 2018 was 15.50%. Moreover, during the year, 83,435 decisions waived/overcome. Therefore, the adjusted US visa refusal rate for work visa could be lower than 15.50%. However, as explained earlier, some of the waived/overcome decisions (if not all!) may relate to the preceding years.
|Type-H subclass US visa refusal rate for:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US type-H visa refusal rate 2018||15.50%||701,963||593,191||108,772||83,435|
|H1B||Temporary worker of distinguished merit and ability performing services other than as a registered nurse||22.24%||231,033||179,660||51,373||49,418|
|H1B1||Free Trade Agreement Professional||12.55%||1,713||1,498||215||175|
|H1C||Shortage area nurse||100.00%||1||0||1||1|
|H2A||Temporary worker performing agricultural services||10.59%||219,671||196,409||23,262||8,119|
|H2B||Temporary worker performing other services||10.87%||93,992||83,774||10,218||3,533|
|H4||Spouse or child of H1B/B1/C, H2A/B, or H3||15.15%||154,176||130,814||23,362||21,937|
USA visa refusal rate in 2018 for F-1 students
Apparently, during 2018, a total of 600,164 applications for US student visa and their spouse and children decided. Accordingly, a total of 389,579 US student visas issued and 210,585 applications refused. Therefore, the USA visa refusal rate for F-1 students during 2018 was 35.09%. Moreover, during the year, 73,680 US student visa refusal decisions waived/overcome. Therefore, the adjusted US student visa refusal rate could be lower than 35.09%. However, as explained earlier, some of the waived/overcome decisions (if not all!) may relate to a previous year.
|Type-F subclass US visa refusal rate for:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US type-F visa refusal rate 2018||35.09%||600,164||389,579||210,585||73,680|
|F1||Student (academic or language training program)||34.97%||558,116||362,929||195,187||67,850|
|F2||Spouse or child of student||36.62%||42,048||26,650||15,398||5,830|
|F3||Border commuter academic or language student||N/A||0||0||0||0|
USA visa refusal rate for J-1 exchange visitors
Perhaps, research scholars and professors around the world wish to visit the USA for acquiring expert learning and training. Therefore, in order to enable such individuals, the US offers the J-1 exchange visitor visa for participating in programs that promote cultural exchange, especially to obtain medical or business training in the USA.
Apparently, during 2018, a total of 455,983 applications for the exchange visitors and their spouse and children decided. Accordingly, a total of 382,219 US exchange visitor visa issued and 73,764 applications refused. Therefore, the USA visa refusal rate for exchange visitors during 2018 was 16.18%. Moreover, during the year, 44,538 decisions waived/overcome. Therefore, the adjusted US visa refusal rate for exchange visitors could be lower than 16.18%. However, as explained earlier, some of the waived/overcome decisions (if not all!) may relate to a previous year.
|Type-J subclass US visa refusal rate for:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US type-J visa refusal rate 2018||16.18%||455,983||382,219||73,764||44,538|
|J2||Spouse or child of exchange visitor||21.02%||50,111||39,580||10,531||9,240|
USA C and D-type visa for transit and crewmembers
The US C visa is for transit and D visa for crewmembers. Perhaps, since the purpose of both these visas is quite similar. Therefore, at times, applicants may be eligible to apply for a C1/D visa, which is a combination of transit/crewmember visa.
Apparently, during 2018, a total of 345,525 applications decided for the transit visa. Accordingly, a total of 311,298 visas issued and 34,227 applications refused. Therefore, the USA visa refusal rate for transit applicants was 9.91%. Moreover, during the year, 19,075 decisions waived/overcome. Therefore, the adjusted US visa refusal rate for transit visa could be lower than 9.91%. However, as explained earlier, some of the waived/overcome decisions (if not all!) may relate to the preceding years.
|Type-C & D subclass US visa refusal rate for:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US type-C & D visa refusal rate 2018||9.91%||345,525||311,298||34,227||19,075|
|C1||Person in transit||28.86%||13,443||9,563||3,880||699|
|C1/D||Combination transit/crew member||9.16%||318,081||288,957||29,124||17,506|
|C2||Person in transit to United Nations Headquarters||50.00%||8||4||4||1|
|C3||Foreign government official, immediate family, attendant, servant, or personal employee in transit||5.11%||6,413||6,085||328||217|
L-type intracompany transferee visa
Apparently, during 2018, a total of 181,116 applications for US L-type intracompany transferee visa decided. Accordingly, a total of 153,099 L-type visas issued and 28,017 applications rejected. Therefore, the USA visa refusal rate for L-type intracompany transferee visa during 2018 was 15.47%. Moreover, during the year, 16,635 intracompany transferee refusal decisions waived/overcome. Therefore, the adjusted refusal rate for L-type visa could be lower than 15.47%. However, as explained earlier, some of the waived/overcome decisions (if not all!) may relate to the preceding year(s).
|Type-L subclass US visa refusal rate for:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US type-L visa refusal rate 2018||15.47%||181,116||153,099||28,017||16,635|
|L1||Intracompany transferee (executive, managerial, and specialized personnel continuing employment with international firm or corporation)||18.01%||90,724||74,388||16,336||8,446|
|L2||Spouse or child of intracompany transferee||12.92%||90,392||78,711||11,681||8,189|
A-type visa applications for diplomats
Apparently, during 2018, a total of 133,488 applications for US type-A visa for diplomats and their family and personal staff decided. Accordingly, a total of 113,820 type-A visas issued and 19,668 applications refused. Therefore, the USA visa refusal rate for type-A visa application was 14.73%. Moreover, during the year, 15,813 decisions waived/overcome. Therefore, the adjusted refusal rate could be lower than 14.73%. However, as explained earlier, some of the waived/overcome decisions (if not all!) may relate to the preceding year(s).
|Type-A subclass US visa refusal rate for:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US type-A visa refusal rate 2018||14.73%||133,488||113,820||19,668||15,813|
|A1||Ambassador, public minister, career diplomat, consul, and immediate family||22.14%||12,658||9,856||2,802||2,504|
|A2||Other foreign government official or employee, and immediate family||13.58%||119,335||103,134||16,201||12,881|
|A3||Attendant, servant, or personal employee of A1 and A2, and immediate family||44.48%||1495||830||665||428|
US visa refusal rate for K-type fiance(e) applications
Apparently, during 2018, a total of 49,204 applications decided for US K-type fiance(e) visa. Accordingly, a total of 28,662 visas issued and 20,542 applications refused. Therefore, the USA visa refusal rate for K-type fiance(e) visa during 2018 was 41.75%, which is quite high! Moreover, during the year, 11,407 decisions waived/overcome. Therefore, the adjusted US visa refusal rate for the US fiance(e) visa could be lower than 41.75%. However, as explained earlier, some of the waived/overcome decisions (if not all!) may relate to the preceding years.
|Type-K subclass US visa refusal rate 2018 for:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US type-K visa refusal rate 2018||41.75%||49,204||28,662||20,542||11,407|
|K1||Fiance(e) of U.S. citizen||42.99%||43,280||24,675||18,605||10,427|
|K2||Child of K1||32.41%||5,890||3,981||1,909||973|
|K3||Certain spouse of U.S. citizen||82.35%||34||6||28||7|
|K4||Child of K3||N/A||0||0||0||0|
Please note: the US K1-K4 visas are more akin to an immigrant visa. Perhaps, these visa applications are first pre-processed in the immigrant operating system. However, once an application is deemed eligible then it is moved to the nonimmigrant operating system. Accordingly, the data reflects processing actions which occurred in both operating systems.
Other US nonimmigrant visa (NIV) applications
Moreover, during 2018, a total of 302,375 applications decided for other types of US nonimmigrant visa. Accordingly, a total of 244,280 visas issued and 58,095 applications refused. Therefore, the USA visa refusal rate for other nonimmigrant visas during 2018 was 19.21%. Furthermore, during the year, 40,051 decisions waived/overcome. Therefore, the adjusted US visa refusal rate for other types of nonimmigrant visas could be less than 19.21%. However, as explained earlier, some of the waived/overcome decisions (if not all!) may relate to the preceding years.
For details relating to the USA visa refusal rate during 2018 for other types of nonimmigrant visa (NIV) applications, please refer to the following table:
|US visa refusal rate 2018 for other subclasses:||Decisions||Issued||Refused||Waived|
|US type-K visa refusal rate for other subclasses 2018||19.21%||302,375||244,280||58,095||40,051|
|CW1||Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands transitional worker||32.83%||4,469||3,002||1,467||1,258|
|CW2||Spouse or child of CW1||34.99%||843||548||295||256|
|E1||Treaty trader, spouse and children||24.51%||8,666||6,542||2,124||1,705|
|E2||Treaty investor, spouse and children||24.67%||54,670||41,181||13,489||8,647|
|E2C||E2C Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands investor, spouse and children||40.91%||66||39||27||24|
|E3||Australian specialty occupation professional||10.96%||6,058||5,394||664||572|
|E3D||Spouse or child of Australian specialty occupation professional||9.15%||4,778||4,341||437||408|
|E3R||Returning Australian specialty occupation professional||7.83%||3,191||2,941||250||234|
|G1||Principal resident representative of recognized foreign member government to international organization, staff, and immediate family||27.96%||7,396||5,328||2,068||1,878|
|G2||Other representative of recognized foreign member government to international organization, and immediate family||18.07%||19,943||16,340||3,603||2,777|
|G3||Representative of non-recognized or nonmember foreign government to international organization, and immediate family||24.62%||455||343||112||101|
|G4||International organization officer or employee, and immediate family||11.95%||26,823||23,617||3,206||2,921|
|G5||Attendant, servant, or personal employee of G1 through G4 and immediate family||37.89%||871||541||330||251|
|I||Representative of foreign information media, spouse and children||16.56%||14,230||11,874||2,356||1,296|
|M1||Vocational and other non-academic student||31.60%||13,621||9,317||4,304||1,728|
|M2||Spouse or child of vocational student||37.22%||583||366||217||97|
|M3||Border commuter vocational or non-academic student||0||0||0|
|N8||Parent of SK3 or SN3 special immigrant||53.85%||39||18||21||5|
|N9||Child of N8 or of SK1, SK2, SK4, SN1, SN2, or SN4 special immigrant||33.33%||6||4||2||0|
|NATO1||Principal permanent representative of member state to NATO (including any of its subsidiary bodies) resident in the U.S.,and resident members of official staff; principal NATO officers; and immediate family||0.00%||3||3||0||0|
|NATO2||Other representatives of member states to NATO (including any of its subsidiary bodies), and immediate family; dependents of member of a force entering in accordance with provisions of NATO agreements; members of such force if issued visas||2.92%||6,791||6,593||198||178|
|NATO3||Official clerical staff accompanying a representative of member state to NATO, and immediate family||N/A||0||0||0||0|
|NATO4||Officials of NATO (other than those classifiable as NATO1), and immediate family||1.94%||206||202||4||4|
|NATO5||Experts, other than NATO4 officials, employed in missions on behalf of NATO, and their dependents||3.33%||30||29||1||0|
|NATO6||Members of a civilian component accompanying a force entering in accordance with the provisions of NATO agreements, and their dependents||3.89%||592||569||23||22|
|NATO7||Attendant, servant, or personal employee of NATO1 through NATO6, and immediate family||0.00%||2||2||0||0|
|O1||Person with extraordinary ability in the sciences, art, education, business, or athletics||18.85%||20,830||16,904||3,926||3,614|
|O2||Person accompanying and assisting in the artistic or athletic performance by O1||16.33%||10,078||8,432||1,646||1,233|
|O3||Spouse or child of O1 or O2||18.40%||6,033||4,923||1,110||1,009|
|P1||Internationally recognized athlete or member of an internationally recognized entertainment group||14.10%||28,311||24,320||3,991||2,848|
|P2||Artist or entertainer in a reciprocal exchange program||9.43%||159||144||15||14|
|P3||Artist or entertainer in a culturally unique program||21.68%||13,056||10,225||2,831||1,355|
|P4||Spouse or child of P1, P2, or P3||18.09%||1,692||1,386||306||219|
|Q1||Participant in an International Cultural Exchange Program||10.37%||2,228||1,997||231||164|
|R1||Person in a religious occupation||26.81%||6,295||4,607||1,688||905|
|R2||Spouse or child of R1||37.08%||2,702||1,700||1,002||465|
|S5||Informant possessing critical reliable information concerning criminal organization or enterprise||N/A||0||0||0||0|
|S6||Informant possessing critical reliable information concerning terrorist organization, enterprise, or operation||100.00%||1||0||1||1|
|S7||Spouse, married or unmarried son or daughter, or parent of S5 of S6||100.00%||4||0||4||2|
|T1||Victim of a severe form of trafficking in persons||N/A||0||0|
|T2||Spouse of T1||28.26%||92||66||26||24|
|T3||Child of T1||28.16%||412||296||116||108|
|T4||Parent of T1 under 21 years of age||30.00%||40||28||12||9|
|T5||Unmarried sibling under age 18 of T1 under 21 years of age||22.73%||44||34||10||9|
|T6||Adult/minor child of derivative beneficiary of T1||50.00%||22||11||11||10|
|TD||Spouse or child of TN||11.86%||11,617||10,239||1,378||922|
|U1||Victim of criminal activity||65.50%||371||128||243||187|
|U2||Spouse of U1||48.21%||336||174||162||152|
|U3||Child of U1||30.58%||2,191||1,521||670||520|
|U4||Parent of U1 under 21 years of age||64.36%||101||36||65||61|
|U5||Unmarried sibling under age 18 of U1 under 21 years of age||40.48%||42||25||17||16|
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