This explains the UK visa rejection rate 2020 for Visitor, Study, Tier 4 Student, Family (Spouse) Settlement, Work, Tier 2 Skilled Worker, Tier 5 Temporary Worker Visa from outside the UK.

1. Overview

UK Visa Rejection Rate 2020

The number of Entry Clearance Applications made in 2020 (1,169,394) were nearly three times less than that during 2019 due to Coronavirus pandemic,. Therefore, in 2020, only 1,196,584 decisions made and 996,636 visas granted, 193,272 applications rejected, 6,647 applications withdrawn and 29 applications lapsed. The UK visa approval and rejection rate in 2020 was 83.29% and 16.15%, respectively.

UK Visa Rejection Rate 2019

According to the Official Statistics in 2019, 3,628,404 decisions made and 3,179,235 visas granted, 439,949 applications rejected, 9,155 applications withdrawn and 65 applications lapsed. The UK visa success and refusal rate in 2019 was 87.62% and 12.13%, respectively. Therefore, in 2020, the UK visa rejection rate has increased from 12.13% to 16.15%.

UK Visa Rejection Rate 2020

Application Type Decisions Rejection Rate
Visitor 627,805 18.84%
Work 132,529 4.93%
Study 264,883 3.78%
Family 46,496 13.05%
Dependant Joining or Accompanying 10,198 18.81%
EEA Family Permits 55,765 65.05%
EUSS Family Permits 37,122 30.38%
Transit and Others 21,786 13.30%
Total 1,196,584 16.15%

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2. Visitor Visa

UK Visitor Visa Rejection Rate 2020

During 2020, 589,838 applications submitted, 627,805 decisions made and 506,644 UK visitor visas granted, 118,292 applications rejected, 2,846 applications withdrawn and 23 applications lapsed. Therefore, the UK visitor visa success and refusal rate in 2020 is 80.7% and 18.84%, respectively.

UK Visitor Visa Rejection Rate by Country 2020

Nationality Decisions Rejection Rate
India 131,600 15.19%
Nigeria 56,685 39.31%
Russia 49,477 3.20%
China 54,845 4.96%
Pakistan 35,202 39.01%
Turkey 32,020 23.42%
Thailand 20,440 5.10%
Ukraine 20,206 12.26%
Saudi Arabia 20,789 0.91%
South Africa 18,096 4.10%
Egypt 14,677 22.67%
Philippines 11,957 14.93%
Indonesia 11,662 8.92%
Ghana 10,174 46.23%
Morocco 9,492 29.25%
Bangladesh 7,898 37.91%
Albania 7,325 34.21%
Algeria 7,006 44.01%
Belarus 5,233 3.36%
Sri Lanka 5,355 27.86%
Other nationalities 97,666 22.68%
Total 627,805 18.84%

3. Study

UK Student Visa Rejection Rate 2020

During 2020, 260,324 applications submitted, 264,883 decisions made, 253,694 UK Student Visas granted, 10,016 applications rejected, 1,171 applications withdrawn and 2 applications lapsed. The UK student visa success rate and refusal rate in 2020 is 95.77% and 3.78%, respectively.

UK Study Visa Rejection Rate 2020

Type Decisions Rejection Rate
Sponsored Study
238,328
2.34%
Students – 51,447 44,531 2.57%
Child Student – 786 716 0.84%
Tier 4 Child Student – 8,373 8,638 0.58%
Tier 4 General Student –  176,637 184,443 2.37%
Other Study
26,555
16.76%
Short Term Study (Previously Student Visitor) – 23,033 26,528 16.77%
Students Other – 48 27 3.70%
Total 264,883 3.78%

UK Sponsored Study Visa Rejection Ratio 2020

During 2020, 237,243 applications submitted, 238,328 decisions made, 232,192 UK Sponsored Student Visas granted and 5,565 applications rejected. The UK sponsored student visa success rate and refusal ratio in 2020 is 97.43% and 2.34%, respectively.

UK Sponsored Study Visa Rejection Rate by Country 2020

Nationality Decisions Rejection Rate
China 82,043 0.18%
India 56,754 5.78%
Nigeria 13,616 3.83%
Hong Kong 8,618 0.19%
United States 8,485 0.41%
Pakistan 6,850 4.28%
Saudi Arabia 5,856 2.60%
Malaysia 4,134 0.17%
Bangladesh 3,756 5.14%
Kuwait 3,065 0.23%
Korea (South) 2,619 0.15%
Canada 2,313 0.17%
Russia 2,125 0.42%
Taiwan 1,886 0.27%
Turkey 1,876 0.85%
Thailand 1,729 0.06%
Japan 1,791 0.06%
Egypt 1,709 1.93%
Ghana 1,587 13.86%
Indonesia 1,622 0.31%
Other nationalities 25,894 2.37%
Total 238,328 2.34%

4. Family Visa

UK Family (Spouse) Visa Rejection Rate 2020

In 2020, 41,901 applications submitted, 46,496 decisions made, 40,255 UK family visas granted and 6,068 applications rejected. The UK family (spouse) visa success and refusal rate 2020 is 86.58% and 13.05%, respectively.

Please note, the UK family visa route covers visas where an individual is applying for a visa on the basis of their relationship to a person settled in the UK or a British citizen. Perhaps, this includes spouse settlement visa, adult dependant relative, parent of a British Child visa etc. However, the family route does not include the ‘joining or accompanying’ entry clearance applications. In fact, the ‘joining or accompanying’ route is for those individuals who are applying for visa on the basis of their relationship to another migrant who is not settled in the UK or a British citizen, and who is on a route without a specific visa for dependants.

UK Family (Spouse) Visa Rejection Rate by Country 2020

Nationality Decisions Rejection Rate
Pakistan 7,127 7.93%
India 3,478 8.25%
United States 2,067 4.93%
Bangladesh 2,323 8.57%
South Africa 1,602 6.30%
Nepal 2,184 31.96%
Nigeria 1,808 18.69%
Iran 1,764 7.03%
Eritrea 1,518 30.50%
Philippines 1,328 9.94%
Sudan 1,360 27.72%
Ghana 1,184 22.89%
Syria 1,158 27.20%
Turkey 994 6.64%
Afghanistan 951 17.77%
Thailand 895 5.36%
Hong Kong 712 2.39%
Sri Lanka 965 8.60%
Iraq 637 8.48%
China 668 6.89%
Other nationalities 11,773 13.70%
Total 46,496 13.05%

5. Work

UK Work Visa Rejection Rate 2020

In 2020, 146,080 applications submitted, 132,529 decisions made, 125,173 UK work visas granted, 6,528 applications rejected, The UK work visa success and refusal rate in 2020 is 94.45% and 4.93%, respectively.

UK Work Visa Rejection Rate 2020

Application Type Decisions Rejection Rate
High Value 1,815 7.49%
Skilled 78,215 0.36%
Temporary worker 27,309 1.40%
Others 25,190 22.74%
Total 132,529 4.93%

UK Work Visa Rejection Rate 2020 by Country

Nationality Decisions Rejection Rate
India 38,643 1.09%
Turkey 10,455 42.80%
Philippines 9,134 2.90%
Ukraine 7,013 0.24%
United States 6,767 0.58%
Australia 6,731 0.21%
Nigeria 5,584 2.18%
South Africa 4,054 0.64%
Pakistan 4,027 6.36%
Egypt 3,409 2.02%
Canada 3,382 0.24%
Japan 3,459 0.40%
China 2,506 1.84%
New Zealand 2,372 0.46%
Russia 1,830 1.26%
Zimbabwe 1,758 1.42%
Hong Kong 1,587 4.73%
Korea (South) 1,466 0.89%
Sri Lanka 1,176 2.21%
Brazil 984 0.81%
Other nationalities 16,192 3.54%
Total 132,529 4.93%

UK Skilled (Tier 2) Work Visa Rejection Rate 2020

In 2020, 72,476 applications submitted, 78,215 decisions made, 77,760 Skilled (Tier 2) work visas granted, 280 applications rejected, The UK Skilled Tier 2 work visa success and refusal rate in 2020 is 99.42% and 0.36%, respectively.

UK Skilled (Tier 2) Worker Visa  Rejection Rate 2020

Nationality Decisions Rejection Rate
India 34,344 0.14%
Philippines 5,855 0.31%
United States 4,905 0.08%
Nigeria 4,752 0.97%
Egypt 2,790 0.04%
Pakistan 2,594 0.58%
Japan 2,140 0.00%
Zimbabwe 1,545 1.10%
South Africa 1,574 0.57%
Australia 1,547 0.00%
China 1,420 0.35%
Canada 1,167 0.09%
Russia 1,145 0.87%
Turkey 808 0.50%
Sudan 685 0.73%
Brazil 689 0.87%
Korea (South) 587 0.00%
Ghana 540 0.93%
Sri Lanka 521 0.38%
Malaysia 462 1.08%
Other nationalities 8,145 0.96%
Total 78,215 0.36%

UK Temporary Work Visa Rejection 2020

In 2020, 25,074 applications submitted, 27,309 decisions made, 26,500 Skilled (Tier 5) work visas granted, 383 applications rejected, The UK Skilled Tier 5 work visa success and refusal rate in 2020 is 97.04% and 1.40%, respectively.

UK Temporary (Tier 5) Worker Visa Rejection Rate 2020 by Country

Nationality Decisions Rejection Rate
Ukraine 6,475 0.20%
Australia 4,574 0.24%
India 1,943 7.98%
Canada 1,883 0.16%
New Zealand 1,620 0.31%
Japan 1,274 0.71%
United States 868 2.19%
Korea (South) 803 0.62%
Hong Kong 736 4.76%
Taiwan 713 0.98%
Pakistan 575 1.39%
China 540 0.19%
Russia 474 0.84%
Nigeria 401 7.73%
Argentina 341 0.29%
Sri Lanka 403 0.50%
Moldova 293 0.00%
Brazil 234 0.43%
Egypt 233 0.43%
Belarus 218 0.00%
Other nationalities 2,708 2.66%
Total 27,309 1.40%