Ultimate Guide to Innovator Visa UK for Entrepreneurs

Discover the opportunities and advantages of the Innovator Visa UK for entrepreneurs seeking to establish and grow innovative businesses in the United Kingdom. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover eligibility criteria, application process, success rates, business plan tips, endorsing bodies, and more. Stay informed with the latest updates and comparisons to make the best decision for your entrepreneurial journey.

Please note: In 2023, the innovator visa has been closed and has been replaced by the Innovator Founder route.

Innovator Founder Visa UK
Innovator Visa UK Guidance and Requirements 2023
Innovator Visa UK Guidance and Requirements 2023

1. Introduction

The UK Innovator Visa is a powerful pathway for ambitious entrepreneurs seeking to establish or grow their businesses in the United Kingdom. It’s designed to attract the brightest and most innovative minds from around the world. With this visa, eligible applicants can live and work in the UK while developing their business ventures. With the UK’s robust economy, thriving startup ecosystem, and access to world-class talent and resources, the Innovator Visa provides immense opportunities for entrepreneurs to turn their innovative ideas into successful enterprises.

To qualify for a UK Innovator Visa, which is commonly misunderstood as the Tier 1 or T1 business visa, an applicant typically needs to secure an endorsement letter, have investment funds amounting to £50,000, demonstrate English language proficiency at B2 level as evidenced by IELTS or an equivalent test, and have maintenance funds of at least £1,270. The Innovator Visa initially grants a three-year stay in the UK, after which holders may apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) under the Immigration Rules.

It’s important to note that the Innovator Visa replaced the Tier 1 Entrepreneur route for conducting business in the UK effective from March 29, 2019. As a result, there can be occasional confusion, leading to references such as T1 or Tier 1 Innovator Visa, British Innovation Visa, or simply Innovative Visa.

The Innovator route is for a person seeking to establish a business in the UK based on an innovative, viable and scalable business idea they have generated, or to which they have significantly contributed.

Immigration Rules Appendix Innovator

2. Eligibility Criteria for the UK Innovator Visa

To qualify for the UK Innovator Visa, applicants must meet specific criteria, which are centered around three main pillars: innovation, viability, and scalability. Let’s explore these key criteria in detail:

  1. Innovation: Your business idea must be original and innovative, bringing something new to the market or offering a unique solution to a problem. You should demonstrate that your idea is more than just a concept; it must have the potential to become a successful business.
  2. Viability: You must prove that your business plan is viable, with a practical and well-structured strategy for achieving success. This includes a clear understanding of the market, target audience, and competition, as well as a solid financial plan and a realistic timeline for growth.
  3. Scalability: Your business idea must have significant potential for growth and job creation. You should provide evidence of how your business can expand, creating employment opportunities and contributing positively to the UK economy.

In addition to these core criteria, applicants must also meet other requirements, such as:

  • Investment Funds: Applicants must have access to at least £50,000 in investment funds to support their business. These funds can come from any legitimate source, including personal savings, third-party investors, or grants.
  • IELTS Requirements: You must demonstrate your English language proficiency by achieving a minimum score of 6.5 in IELTS (International English Language Testing System) or an equivalent test. This requirement ensures that you have the necessary language skills to communicate effectively and integrate into the UK business community.
  • ILR (Indefinite Leave to Remain) Requirements: After spending a minimum of three years on the Innovator Visa, you may become eligible to apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) in the UK. To qualify for ILR, you must meet specific requirements, such as proving that your business has been successful and has met the endorsement criteria during your stay. This includes generating a minimum annual revenue of £50,000 or creating at least 10 full-time jobs for resident workers. Furthermore, you must pass the Life in the UK test and meet the English language requirements.

By understanding and meeting these eligibility criteria, you can maximize your chances of securing a UK Innovator Visa and pave the way for a successful entrepreneurial journey in the United Kingdom.

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    3. UK Innovator Visa Application Process

    To apply for a UK Innovator Visa, you need to follow a two-step process: obtaining an endorsement from an endorsing body and submitting your visa application.

    1. Obtain Endorsement: The first step is to obtain an endorsement from an endorsing body. This involves submitting a detailed business plan, evidence of the £50,000 investment funds, and other supporting documents to demonstrate the innovation, viability, and scalability of your business idea.
    2. Application Process: After obtaining an endorsement, applicants can proceed to submit their Innovator Visa application, which requires providing personal information, biometric data, proof of English language proficiency (IELTS or equivalent), and evidence of the £50,000 investment funds. There is also a visa application fee and an immigration health surcharge to be paid during the application process.

    Below is an outline of the steps involved in each stage:

    Step 1: Obtaining an endorsement from an endorsing body

    1. Research endorsing bodies: Start by identifying suitable endorsing bodies that align with your business sector and have a history of endorsing businesses similar to yours. The UK government provides a list of approved endorsing bodies that specialize in various industries.
    2. Prepare your business plan: Develop a comprehensive business plan that addresses the eligibility criteria of innovation, viability, and scalability. Your business plan should demonstrate your understanding of the market, target audience, competition, financial projections, and growth strategy.
    3. Submit your endorsement application: Contact the endorsing body with your business plan and any additional documents they require. Each endorsing body may have its own application process, so ensure you follow their specific guidelines. Once your application is submitted, the endorsing body will assess your proposal and decide whether to issue an endorsement letter.

    Step 2: Submitting your UK Innovator Visa application

    1. Gather required documents: Compile all necessary documents for your visa application, including your endorsement letter, a valid passport or travel document, proof of English language proficiency (IELTS or equivalent), evidence of maintenance funds, and any other relevant documents.
    2. Complete the online application form: Visit the UK government’s official website to access the online application form for the Innovator Visa. Fill in the required information accurately, ensuring that all details correspond with the documents you are submitting.
    3. Pay the application fee: The Innovator Visa application fee is currently £1,021 for applicants applying outside the UK and £1,277 for those applying within the UK. Pay the fee online as part of your application submission.
    4. Attend a biometric appointment: As part of your application, you will need to provide your biometric information (fingerprints and facial photo). Book an appointment at a Visa Application Centre near you to complete this step.
    5. Submit your documents: Along with your biometric data, submit your supporting documents, including your endorsement letter and any other required paperwork.

    After completing these steps, the UK Home Office will assess your application and decide whether to grant you the Innovator Visa. The processing time may vary depending on your specific circumstances and the volume of applications being processed. It is crucial to prepare a well-structured business plan and submit a complete application to maximize your chances of success.

    4. Success Rate of the UK Innovator Visa

    While it is challenging to provide exact success rates for the UK Innovator Visa due to variations in data and reporting methods, it is important to note that the visa category is considered competitive, and not all applicants are granted the visa. Success rates can be influenced by factors such as the quality of the business plan, the relevance of the applicant’s experience, and the overall strength of the application.

    As per data from the Home Office, in the year ending September 2020, a total of 1,269 Innovator Visa applications were submitted, and 573 were granted. This represents a grant rate of approximately 45%. However, this data should be taken with caution as it is subject to change, and success rates can vary over time.

    To increase your chances of success in obtaining an Innovator Visa, it is essential to focus on:

    1. Developing a strong business plan that showcases your business idea’s innovation, viability, and scalability
    2. Demonstrating your experience and knowledge of the industry in which you plan to operate
    3. Ensuring you meet all eligibility criteria, including English language proficiency and maintenance funds
    4. Obtaining a solid endorsement from a relevant endorsing body

    It is also important to stay informed of any changes in visa policies and requirements, as these may impact your application’s success. By focusing on these factors and seeking professional guidance where needed, you can improve your chances of obtaining a UK Innovator Visa and turning your entrepreneurial dreams into reality.

    5. Business Plan for the UK Innovator Visa

    A well-crafted business plan is crucial to the success of your UK Innovator Visa application, as it demonstrates the innovation, viability, and scalability of your business idea. The endorsing bodies will assess your business plan to determine whether your proposal has the potential to create economic growth and employment opportunities in the UK. Here are some tips on creating an effective business plan for the Innovator Visa:

    1. Executive Summary: Start with a clear and concise executive summary that outlines your business idea, its unique selling points, and the target market. This should capture the essence of your proposal and engage the reader.
    2. Market Research: Conduct thorough market research to identify your target audience, their needs, and how your product or service addresses those needs. This will help you demonstrate the demand for your business in the UK market.
    3. Innovation: Clearly explain the innovative aspect of your business idea. This could be a new product, service, or business model that is not readily available in the UK. Show how your innovation sets you apart from competitors and adds value to the market.
    4. Viability: Demonstrate the financial viability of your business by providing realistic financial projections and a comprehensive budget. Include a break-even analysis, cash flow projections, and profit and loss statements to show the endorsing body that your business has the potential to be financially successful.
    5. Scalability: Explain how your business has the potential to grow and expand over time. This could involve plans for increasing your customer base, expanding into new markets, or developing new products or services. Show that your business is capable of creating jobs and contributing to the UK economy.
    6. Marketing Strategy: Outline your marketing strategy, including the channels you will use to promote your business and reach your target audience. This may include digital marketing, networking, or partnerships with other businesses.
    7. Management Team: Highlight the skills and experience of your management team, including yourself as the entrepreneur. Show how your combined expertise will contribute to the success of your business.
    8. Endorsement: Detail your strategy for obtaining an endorsement from a relevant endorsing body, including the reasons you believe your business idea will be considered innovative, viable, and scalable.
    9. Milestones and Timeline: Provide a timeline with key milestones for your business, such as product development, launch, and expansion. This will help the endorsing body understand the trajectory of your business and the steps you will take to achieve success.
    10. Risk Analysis: Identify potential risks and challenges your business may face and outline strategies for mitigating those risks. This demonstrates your understanding of the market and your preparedness to tackle obstacles.

    An effective business plan for the Innovator Visa should be well-structured, comprehensive, and tailored to your specific business idea. It should clearly demonstrate how your proposal meets the eligibility criteria for innovation, viability, and scalability. By focusing on these aspects, you can create a strong business plan that will increase your chances of obtaining a UK Innovator Visa.

    Section 6: Endorsing Bodies for the UK Innovator Visa

    Endorsing bodies play a vital role in the UK Innovator Visa application process, as they are responsible for evaluating and endorsing business proposals based on their innovation, viability, and scalability. These bodies are typically sector-specific organizations with expertise in business and innovation, and they possess a deep understanding of the industries they serve. Obtaining an endorsement from a recognized endorsing body is a crucial step in securing your UK Innovator Visa.

    Some of the top endorsing bodies for the UK Innovator Visa include:

    1. Tech Nation: As the leading endorsing body for technology and digital businesses, Tech Nation focuses on supporting innovative tech entrepreneurs and startups in the UK. Their endorsement process evaluates the potential for growth, job creation, and global competitiveness.
    2. The Royal Society: This prestigious scientific organization endorses entrepreneurs and businesses in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). The Royal Society supports the advancement of knowledge and innovation in these sectors.
    3. Seedcamp: Seedcamp is a leading venture capital firm that invests in and endorses early-stage technology companies. Their endorsement process is focused on identifying high-potential startups with innovative ideas and strong growth potential.
    4. Entrepreneur First: As a global talent investor, Entrepreneur First specializes in endorsing and supporting individuals with exceptional technical or domain-specific expertise who are looking to build innovative and scalable businesses.
    5. Social Enterprise UK: This endorsing body is dedicated to supporting social enterprises and businesses that prioritize social and environmental impact alongside financial returns. They evaluate business proposals based on their potential to create positive change in society.
    6. The Royal Academy of Engineering: Focused on endorsing businesses in the engineering sector, The Royal Academy of Engineering supports entrepreneurs and startups that demonstrate innovative and viable engineering solutions to address global challenges.

    These are just a few examples of the many endorsing bodies available to UK Innovator Visa applicants. It’s essential to research and identify the endorsing body most suited to your specific business proposal, as their expertise and understanding of your industry will play a significant role in the evaluation of your application. Securing an endorsement from a recognized body is a critical step in obtaining your UK Innovator Visa and launching your business in the UK.

    For further details, please refer to endorsing body listed on the GOV.UK website.

    7. Benefits of the UK Innovator Visa

    The UK Innovator Visa offers several advantages for entrepreneurs and their businesses, making it an attractive option for those looking to establish and grow a business in the UK. Some of the key benefits include:

    1. Access to the UK market: The Innovator Visa grants entrepreneurs the opportunity to live and work in the UK, providing direct access to one of the world’s largest and most diverse markets. This enables businesses to tap into a vast consumer base and benefit from the UK’s strong economic environment.
    2. Global credibility and reputation: The UK is known for its business-friendly environment, world-class infrastructure, and a strong focus on innovation. Establishing a business in the UK can significantly enhance the global reputation and credibility of your enterprise.
    3. Talented workforce: The UK is home to a highly skilled and diverse workforce, with access to top universities and research institutions. This enables businesses to recruit top talent and foster innovation within their companies.
    4. Supportive ecosystem for startups and innovation: The UK government actively encourages innovation and entrepreneurship through various initiatives, grants, and tax incentives. Innovator Visa holders can benefit from this supportive ecosystem to grow their businesses.
    5. Pathway to settlement: The Innovator Visa offers a clear pathway to Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) and ultimately, British citizenship for eligible entrepreneurs and their families. This provides long-term security and stability for those looking to make the UK their permanent home.
    6. Family inclusion: The Innovator Visa allows entrepreneurs to bring their immediate family members, including their spouse/partner and children under 18, to the UK. This enables families to stay together and enjoy the benefits of living in the UK while the business grows.
    7. Flexibility: The Innovator Visa provides the flexibility to work on your business full-time, as well as engage in other business activities, as long as the primary focus remains on the endorsed business. This allows entrepreneurs to explore various opportunities and maximize their potential for success.

    These benefits make the UK Innovator Visa an attractive option for entrepreneurs looking to establish and grow their businesses in the UK. By providing access to a thriving market, a talented workforce, and a supportive ecosystem for innovation, the Innovator Visa can significantly contribute to the success of your enterprise.

    8. Changes and Updates to the UK Innovator Visa

    As with any immigration program, the UK Innovator Visa is subject to changes and updates to reflect the evolving needs of the country and its economy. It is important for applicants and current visa holders to stay informed about any changes that may impact their eligibility or the application process.

    1. Endorsing bodies: The list of endorsing bodies for the UK Innovator Visa is periodically updated, with new organizations being added and others being removed. It is essential for applicants to ensure that they are working with a currently approved endorsing body when seeking endorsement for their Innovator Visa application.
    2. Eligibility criteria: The Home Office may update the eligibility criteria for the Innovator Visa to ensure that the program continues to attract the most talented and innovative entrepreneurs. Changes to the eligibility criteria may impact the innovation, viability, and scalability requirements, as well as the investment funds required for the visa.
    3. Application process and fees: The UK Innovator Visa application process and fees may be subject to change. This could include adjustments to the required documents, application forms, and processing times. It is crucial for applicants to review the latest guidance and requirements before submitting their application to avoid delays or rejections.
    4. ILR and citizenship requirements: The requirements for obtaining Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) and British citizenship may change over time. This could impact the qualifying period, the residency requirements, and the eligibility criteria for settlement.
    5. Policy changes: The UK government may introduce new policies or amend existing ones related to the Innovator Visa program. These changes could impact the overall direction of the program and its attractiveness to entrepreneurs.

    To stay informed about any changes to the UK Innovator Visa program, regularly consult the official government website and seek advice from a qualified immigration advisor. Staying up-to-date on the latest developments will help ensure that you navigate the application process smoothly and maximize your chances of success.

    9. UK Innovator Visa vs. Startup Visa

    The UK Innovator Visa and the UK Startup Visa are both designed to attract talented entrepreneurs to the country. While they share some similarities, there are significant differences between the two programs. Understanding these differences will help potential applicants determine which visa is more suitable for their situation.


    • Innovator Visa: Aimed at experienced entrepreneurs with innovative, viable, and scalable business ideas that will bring growth and create jobs in the UK. Applicants must have access to at least £50,000 in investment funds.
    • Startup Visa: Designed for early-stage entrepreneurs with high-potential business ideas who want to set up their first business in the UK. No investment funds are required for this visa.


    • Innovator Visa: Requires endorsement from an approved endorsing body that confirms the applicant’s business idea meets the criteria of innovation, viability, and scalability.
    • Startup Visa: Also requires endorsement from an approved endorsing body, but the focus is on the potential of the business idea rather than the experience of the entrepreneur.


    • Innovator Visa: Granted for an initial period of 3 years, with the option to extend for another 3 years or apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) after 3 years if certain conditions are met.
    • Startup Visa: Valid for 2 years and cannot be extended. However, Startup Visa holders can switch to an Innovator Visa after 2 years if they meet the eligibility criteria for the Innovator Visa.


    • Innovator Visa: Can lead to ILR and eventually British citizenship, provided the applicant meets the specific requirements for settlement.
    • Startup Visa: Does not lead directly to ILR or citizenship. To progress towards settlement, holders must switch to the Innovator Visa or another suitable immigration route.

    Team applications:

    • Innovator Visa: Allows for team applications where multiple entrepreneurs can apply as co-founders, but each applicant must individually meet the eligibility criteria and have access to at least £50,000 in investment funds.
    • Startup Visa: Also permits team applications, with no requirement for each team member to have access to investment funds.

    In summary, the Innovator Visa is better suited for experienced entrepreneurs with a scalable and innovative business idea and access to investment funds. The Startup Visa is more appropriate for early-stage entrepreneurs who have a high-potential business idea but may not yet have the necessary experience or funding. It is crucial for potential applicants to assess their situation, goals, and business plans before deciding which visa is the best fit for them.

    10. Conclusion

    In this blog post, we have provided a comprehensive overview of the UK Innovator Visa, including eligibility criteria, the application process, success rates, business plan tips, endorsing bodies, benefits, and recent updates. We have also compared the Innovator Visa with the UK Startup Visa to help potential applicants determine which visa option is more suitable for their needs.

    The UK Innovator Visa offers a fantastic opportunity for experienced entrepreneurs with innovative, viable, and scalable business ideas to establish and grow their ventures in the UK. By understanding the requirements, securing an endorsement from a reputable endorsing body, and crafting a strong business plan, applicants can increase their chances of success and make the most of the benefits offered by the Innovator Visa.

    The journey to securing a UK Innovator Visa may seem challenging, but with dedication, research, and thorough preparation, entrepreneurs can achieve their dreams of establishing successful businesses in the UK. If you believe you have a unique and promising business idea, don’t hesitate to take action and pursue your entrepreneurial aspirations in the UK. The opportunities are vast, and the potential for growth is immense.

    11. FAQs

    Innovator Visa UK 2023: Key Points

    Who Can Apply For a UK Innovator Visa?

    Anyone from both EU and non-EU countries can apply for the UK Innovator Visa. The route is open to experienced individuals or teams with at least £50,000 funding, or those transitioning from the Start-up route.

    When Did the UK Innovator Visa Replace the Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa?

    The Innovator Visa replaced the Tier 1 Entrepreneur route on March 29, 2019. Extensions and ILR applications for the Tier 1 Entrepreneur route remain open until April 5, 2023, and April 5, 2025, respectively.

    What Are the Endorsing Bodies for the UK Innovator Visa?

    Applicants for the Innovator Visa must have the support of an approved Endorsing Body. These can be Higher Education Providers or business organizations with a history of supporting UK-based entrepreneurs and government department backing.

    Who Assesses the Innovator Visa Business Plan?

    The business plan for the Innovator Visa application is assessed by the Endorsing Bodies, not the Home Office. The assessment process can take between 4 to 12 weeks.

    What Are the Fees for the UK Innovator Visa?

    As of April 6, 2022, the Innovator visa fee is £1,036 for the main applicant and dependants. There’s a £55 discount available for the main applicant under the Council of Europe Social Charter (CESC).

    What Is the UK Innovator Visa Processing Time?

    The Innovator visa processing time is typically 3-6 weeks. A fast track service is available for 5-working days priority or 24-hours super-priority processing.

    How Long Is the UK Innovator Visa Valid For?

    The Innovator Visa is valid for a maximum of 3 years, under specific conditions. These include no access to public funds and no work outside of the business established by the applicant.

    What Can I Do If My UK Innovator Visa Is Refused?

    If your Innovator Visa application is refused, you can reapply or file an administrative review. In case of false documents or misrepresented facts, a 10-year deception ban could apply.

    What Is the Success Rate of UK Innovator Visa Applications?

    Since 2019, out of 1,814 applications, 1,512 UK innovator visas have been granted, resulting in a success rate of 83.35%.

    Can I Bring My Family to the UK on an Innovator Visa?

    Yes, as an Innovator Visa holder, you can bring your family members, including your spouse/partner and children under 18, as dependants.

    Can I Extend My Innovator Visa?

    Yes, you can apply to extend your Innovator visa for another 3 years when it’s due to expire. There is no limit on the number of times you can extend.

    Can I Apply for ILR with an Innovator Visa?

    Yes, Innovator visa holders may apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) after three years, provided they meet specific criteria.

    What Happens After My Business Is Endorsed?

    Once your business plan is endorsed, you can proceed with the Innovator Visa application. If successful, you can come to or stay in the UK to set up your business.

    What are the English Language Requirements for the Innovator Visa?

    Applicants for the UK Innovator Visa need to prove English language proficiency at the B2 level, which can be evidenced by an IELTS or equivalent test.

    Do I Need to Stay in the UK for a Specific Period Under the Innovator Visa?

    There is no explicit requirement for you to stay in the UK for a specific period under the Innovator Visa. However, to qualify for indefinite leave to remain, you should not spend more than 180 days outside the UK in any 12-month period.

    How Does the Endorsement Body Monitor my Business?

    The endorsing body will have check-ins at 6, 12, and 24 months intervals to ensure that you are progressing with your business plan. The body has the right to withdraw endorsement if they are not satisfied with your progress.

    Can I Switch from a Different Visa to the Innovator Visa?

    Yes, you may switch to the Innovator Visa from some other visa categories while you are in the UK. For example, from a Start-up visa, Tier 1 visa, or any Tier 2 visa.