Category: UK Work Visa

uk work visaSince the introduction of the points-based system (PBS) in 2008, the UK work visa applications mostly relates to Tier 1, 2 and 5. However, concurrently, non-PBS work visa applications, such as UK ancestry visa, work permit etc. are also made. Perhaps, after the introduction of Innovator and Start-up visa in March 2019 under Appendix W of the Immigration Rules, there has been a change away from PBS. Accordingly, this category highlights the details of PBS and non-PBS UK work visa applications from inside and outside the UK.

The types of UK PBS work and study visa applications

Apparently, the UK points-based immigration system is for selecting migrants on certain valued attributes. Perpahs, the attributes usually include educational qualifications, professional and language skills. However, PBS migrants don’t have recourse to public funds in the UK. Therefore, in most of the PBS routes, the migrant also needs to have maintenance funds to cover the cost of living in the UK.

The HM’s government launched the PBS applications for non-EEA national work and study visas in 2008. However, by the passage of time, the Home Office has incorporated subjective criteria such as genuineness test. Therefore, overtime in most of the cases, the PBS applications have ceased to remain point-based.

How the UK’s points-based system works in practice?

There are five ‘tiers’ to the points-based system. Apparently, these cater for high skill/high-value migrants (Tier-1), sponsored skilled workers (Tier-2), low-skilled workers (Tier-3), students (Tier-4) and temporary workers (Tier-5). Moreover, each PBS tier contains several sub-categories. Perhaps, with varying associated conditions and mandatory eligibility requirements. Empirically, the Home Office never opened the UK PBS Tier-3 work visa for low-skilled workers. Perhaps, the low-skilled workers from EU/EEA helped in filling the UK’s labour supply gap for low-skilled jobs.

Tier 1 immigration route for high skilled (HS) migrants

Apparently, PBS Tier 1 is for high-value and high-skilled migrants. Accordingly, it is for entrepreneurs, investors, graduate entrepreneurs. And also for migrants with exceptional talents in science, humanities, engineering, medicine, digital technology, TV and film, fashion or the arts. However, the Home Office has closed the Tier 1 General and Post-study work (PSW) a few years ago. Moreover, in March 2019, the Innovator visa has replaced the Tier 1 entrepreneur for entry clearance applications. And startup visa has replaced the graduate entrepreneur route!

Tier 2 UK work visa route for skilled workers

Apparently, this UK work visa route is for sponsored skilled workers with a long-term job offer. Accordingly, this route is for filling the labour-supply gap for general and shortage occupation skilled workers, ministers of religion, sportsperson and intra-company transfers.

The UK has never used Tier 3 work visa route

The UK government has never used Tier 3 for low skilled workers. Apparently, the EEA resident workforce effectively meets the need for low skilled workers. Therefore, after Brexit, there are chances that the UK government may either activate the Tier 3 work visa route or open a new route under Appendix W for low skilled workers.

PBS Tier 4 for students

The PBS Tier 4 route is for child students (age 4-17) and adult students (aged 16 or over). Moreover, the eligibility to work as a Tier 4 student depends on the circumstances of the case.

The Tier 5 UK work visa route

Apparently, the UK work visa under PBS Tier 5 route consists of:

  1. Charity Worker
  2. Creative and sporting
  3. Government Authorised Exchange
  4. Religious Worker
  5. Youth Mobility Scheme

Moreover, the Youth mobility scheme is only for certain nationalities. And applicants generally requires to have a job offer/sponsor.

Dependant family members of PBS migrants

Certainly, in most of the cases, the dependant family members of PBS work and study visa migrants can apply. Moreover, the eligibility criteria and associated conditions, including permission to work, vary depending on the sponsoring family member’s visa category.

Non-PBS study and work visa UK

Certainly, apart from PBS, there are a few niche work and study visa categories available to non-EEA nationals. Apparently, these non-PBS study and work visas are for:

  1. Start-up visa under Appendix W, which has replaced the PBS Tier 1 graduate entrepreneur route
  2. Innovator visa under Appendix W, which has replaced the PBS Tier 1 entrepreneur visa for entry clearance applications
  3. UK ancestry visa
  4. Short-term study
  5. Domestic worker in a private household
  6. Turkish workers
  7. Turkish businesspersons
  8. A representative of an overseas business visa

UK work visa types and categories for PBS and Non-PBS Applicants

Specialist immigration solicitors

For applications, reapplications after refusal and filing administrative and judicial review against the UK work visa refusal contact specialist immigration solicitors London.

Innovator Visa UK 2019: guidance, requirements and endorsement!

Innovator visa UK replaces Tier 1 Entrepreneur from 29 March 2019

This relates to Innovator Visa UK 2019 guidance for requirements, endorsement and endorsing bodies. Apparently, from March 29, 2019, the UK innovator visa under Appendix W, has replaced the Tier 1 entrepreneur route for doing business in the UK. However, at times, it is erroneously referred to as t1 or tier 1 innovator visa. And…

Start-up visa UK 2019 guidance and requirements for new business!

Start-up visa UK is for innovative, viable and scalable business

In terms of the statement of changes dated March 7, entry clearance and extension applications for start-up visa UK will commence from March 29, 2019. Accordingly, start-up visa is for those migrants who are looking to establish a business in the UK for the first time. However, a start-up applicant needs to have an innovative, viable and scalable…

Genuineness Test Tier 2 visa: assessment and interview questions

Genuineness Test Tier 2 visa to ascertain intentions & capability

This post relates to genuineness test Tier 2 visa assessment and interview questions for the work permit. The genuineness test was introduced to tackle abuse of the PBS Tier 2 route. Certainly, an applicant needs to satisfy the genuine intentions and capability of doing work as per the job description and specifications in the assigned…

Tier 2 Priority Service Timeline: what you need to know?

Tier 2 Priority Service Timeline | UK Priority Visa Fee

This relates to Tier 2 Priority Processing Times 2018 for in-country applications submitted for Tier 2 (General), Tier 2 (Minister of religion), Tier 2 (Sportsperson), and Tier 2 (Intra company transfer) Visas and covers the following details: Request for Inclusion in Tier 2 Priority Service; Tier 2 Visa Application Fee and UK Priority Visa Fee; Priority Service Vs. Standard Service…

Tier 2 Visa Statistics: the UK work visa refusal rate 2008-17

Tier 2 Visa Statistics

This relates to Tier 2 Visa Statistics for entry clearance, extension and settlement grants from 2008-17. And also the immigration statistics relating to pre-PBS equivalent Tier 2 work visa statistics. Apparently, Tier 2 (for sponsored skilled workers) launched in November 2008, and gradually replaced its pre-PBS equivalent work visa routes such as work permit. According, during 2008-17 a total…

Tier 1 Visa Statistics: Entry Clearance, Extensions & Settlement

Tier 1 Visa Statistics: Entry Clearance, Extensions & Settlement

This relates to Tier 1 Visa Statistics for entry clearance, extension and settlement grants from 2008 to 2017. Accordingly, the post covers the statistical success and refusal rates relating to Tier 1 Entrepreneur, Investor, Exceptional Talent, Graduate Entrepreneur. And also for the already closed pre-PBS and PBS routes such as Tier 1 General, Post Study…

UK Entrepreneur Visa Statistics 2008-18: Refusal and Success Rate

UK Entrepreneur Visa Statistics Reveal a Rising Success Rate!

This relates to UK entrepreneur visa statistics 2008-18 for entry clearance, leave to remain, extension and settlement applications. Accordingly, provides details of Tier 1 entrepreneur success and refusal rate. Accordingly, the post covers the following topics: Overview of UK Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa Statistics 2008-18 How many Tier 1 Entrepreneur applications decided during 2008-18? What…

Tier 1 Entrepreneur English language requirements

Tier 1 Entrepreneur English Language Requirement | Appendix B

This post relates to the Tier 1 Entrepreneur English Language Requirement as per Appendix B of the Immigration Rules. Here it is important to mention that Tier 1 entrepreneur dependants are not required to fulfil any of English Language requirement. Accordingly, only the main applicant needs to show English Language proficiency of CEFR B1 or above. Therefore, the post…

Maintenance funds PBS applicants: Appendix C Immigration Rules

Maintenance Funds Requirement for UK Tier 1, 2, 4, 5 Visa

This relates to maintenance funds requirements for Points Based System Tier 1 HS Migrants, Tier 2 Work, Tier 4 Student and Tier 5 Temporary Workers as per  Appendix C of the Immigration Rules. Maintenance Funds Requirement for Points Based System Apparently, apart from Tier 1 Investor and Exceptional Talent, all other types of PBS applicants require…

Tier 1 Entrepreneur refusal grounds: the Top 4 rejection reasons!

Tier 1 Entrepreneur refusal grounds: the Top 4 rejection reasons!

Perhaps, for establishing a business in the UK, many business persons at least intend to know the pros and cons of Tier 1 entrepreneur route. Therefore, this post provides a holistic perspective on Tier 1 entrepreneur refusal grounds: the Top 4 rejection reasons. What are the Top 4 Reasons for Tier 1 Entrepreneur Refusal? Apparently,…