UK Immigration Judicial Review: FAQs, procedure and success rate

Immigration Judicial Review Success Rate 2013-18This guidance provides an overview of the FAQs, success rate, the procedure for challenging a UK visa entry clearance and leave to remain application refusal and ban decisions (such as tourist, family, business visitor visa, PBS Tier 1 entrepreneur, Tier 2 work, Tier 4 student etc.) through an immigration judicial review with no or limited right of appeal. Accordingly, the post covers the following topics:

  1. An overview of the UK immigration judicial review
  2. Judicial review can help challenging refusals and 10-year ban!
  3. What is the UK immigration Judicial Review procedure?
  4. UK Immigration judicial review statistics and success rate 2013-18

Moreover, for case processing and representation contact specialist immigration solicitors.

1) An overview of the UK immigration judicial review

This section tries to explain the frequently asked questions (FAQs) relating to immigration judicial review in the UK.

What is the meaning of immigration judicial review UK?

In fact, the immigration judicial review in the UK is a type of a court proceeding in which a judge examines the lawfulness of a decision or action executed by a public body. Accordingly, a judicial review application against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision is made to the Upper Tribunal. Quite clearly, it is a remedy of the last resort because it can only be used where there is no other adequate alternative is available.

Where to lodge an immigration judicial review?

Prior to 2013 most immigration judicial review applications had to be made in the High Court. However, since November 2013 the Upper Tribunal, Immigration and Asylum Chamber (UTIAC) decide applications for judicial review of certain decisions made by the Secretary of State for the Home Department, entry clearance officers and others, under immigration legislation. Accordingly, UK visa and immigration refusal decisions relating to visitor visa, Tier 1 entrepreneur etc. are lodged in the Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber).

What is the context of the immigration judicial review?

In fact, the UK immigration judicial review focuses on the procedure rather than the outcome of a determination. Perhaps, judicial review is not really concerned with the outcome, as long as the right procedure has been followed. Therefore, the tribunal does not substitute what it deems is the ‘correct’ decision. Accordingly, this may mean that the public body will be able to make the same decision again, so long as it does so in a lawful way.

Perhaps, if someone wants to argue that a decision was incorrect, judicial review may not be the best option. And may look for alternative remedies, such as appealing against the ruling to a higher court. Nevertheless, immigration judicial review in the UK has a very broad context. And it is quite frequently used to challenge a UK visa and immigration refusal decisions of the Immigration Authorities such as an ECO/ECM and Immigration Appellate Authority.

What is the difference between Appeal and Judicial Review?

As explained earlier, the UK immigration judicial review questions the correctness of the procedure that has been adopted to reach a decision. However, UK immigration appeal questions the rightfulness of a decision i.e. whether an Immigration Authority’s decision was right or wrong.

Quite clearly, the right of appeal against a UK visa and immigration refusal is not ubiquitous i.e. an appeal can only be filed against an appealable refusal decision. However, a judicial review can be filed against nearly all types of UK visa and immigration refusal decisions if there are sufficient grounds to prove that the correct procedure has not been adopted for reaching a decision.

Difference b/w Administrative and Judicial Review

In fact, an administrative review, which is a peer-group review, against a refusal decision is allowed in some instances. For instance, an applicant can file an administrative review if a Tier 1 entrepreneur or Tier 4 student application has been refused within 28 days of the refusal decision (i.e. receipt of the refusal letter).

Types of decisions

For refusal decisions pertaining to Point Based System (PBS) Tier 1 Entrepreneur, Investor, Graduate Entrepreneur, Exceptional TalentTier 2 General, Ministers of Religion, Sportsperson, Tier 4 Students and Tier 5 Temporary Workers, an Administrative Review should precede a Judicial Review i.e. it is not appropriate to directly file a Judicial Review. However, in case of such types of applications where there is either no provision of an administrative review or no right of appeal such as visitor visas, the applicants need to file a Pre-action Protocol (PEP) before a Judicial Review.

What is the UK immigration judicial review time limit?

In terms of Part 54 of Judicial Review and Statutory Review, Civil Procedure Rules, it is essential that a claim form must be filed/lodged as soon as possible (promptly) and in any event, within 3 months of a UK visa and immigration refusal decision.

What is the UK immigration judicial review processing time?

Perhaps, the average processing time for a UK immigration judicial review depends on the stage in which a decision is reached. Therefore, if a decision is reached at the PEP stage then the whole process can conclude within 2-4 weeks. However, if it goes to the substantive hearing stage then it may up to 9-10 months.

2) Judicial review can help challenging refusals and 10-year ban!

Perhaps, immigration judicial review is one of the potent recourse for challenging a UK visa and immigration refusal and 1, 2, 5 and 10 years re-entry and deception ban under the general grounds for refusals in the following situations:

Judicial review is a viable recourse after successive refusals

Most of the applicants after getting a UK visa refusal letter point out the discrepancies that have been made by the immigration officer in the refusal decision. However, very few applicants file a judicial review for reconsideration. In fact, Judicial Review can be a viable recourse against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision. especially where an applicant has received more than a couple of successive refusals and thinks that he/she has been denied a visa unjustly without following the proper procedure.

How to challenge UK family visitor visa refusal?

In fact, prior to June 25, 2013, applicants could appeal against a UK family visitor visa refusal. However, after June 25, 2013, and especially after April 15, 2015, with the abolishment of even a limited right of appeal against a UK visit visa refusal, the applicants have no other legal recourse apart from filing a Judicial Review. Therefore, if your family visitor has been refused on more than one occasion, especially with a UK sponsor to bear the trip cost, then it is advisable to file a judicial review.

How business visitors can benefit from the judicial review?

In fact, many businesspersons with above-average travel history, at times have a distaste of receiving a refusal letter instead of a UK business visitor visa. Perhaps, due to their inability to satisfy the Entry Clearance Officer (ECO), in a befitting manner so as to clarify their purpose and intentions of visiting the UK for a business purpose.

Therefore, after receiving multiple refusal decisions, it is better to discuss with a professional immigration solicitor/adviser before reapplying. In fact, at times, it is expedient to file a judicial review rather than submitting a fresh application and making the same mistakes again and again!

How to challenge a UK general tourist visa refusal?

Perhaps, the ratio of tourist visa refusal for 6 months multiple entry C-type visas is higher than any other type of visitor visa applicant. In fact, tourist visa applications are usually refused because of the inability of the applicant to make his/her intentions, circumstances and reasons for visiting the UK clear in the visa application. Indeed, most of the applicants applying for a UK visitor visa for the purpose of tourism are not very familiar with the nitty-gritty of the immigration rules, especially that of Appendix V for visitors.

Application on guesswork!

Additionally, tourist visa applicants are often ill-advised by family, friends and local consultants. Therefore, instead of making an application in accordance with the immigration rules, they only end submitting a UK visa application on guesswork.

ECOs don’t use discretion very often!

Here it is important to mention that it is not possible for the evaluating officer to grant a UK visitor visa on an application which does not fulfil the requirements. Although the ECOs have discretionary powers but they only use discretion in exceptional and compelling circumstances.

So, what is the solution then?

Perhaps, the only solution for most of the applicants, who intend to visit the UK for tourism, is to prepare and furnish UK visa application and supporting documents in the light of the immigration rules. However, if tourist visitor visa applicants get a refusal on multiple occasions then may file a judicial review to challenge the refusal decision.

Moreover, to know the country-specific details of UK visa and immigration applications please refer to Egypt, Ghana, India, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Turkey and the USA

How to challenge a PBS application refusal?

In fact, most of the PBS applicants such as Tier 1 entrepreneur, Tier 2 workers, Tier 4 students etc. have a right to file an Administrative Review. However, the chances of a favourable or successful administrative review are usually very low i.e. up to 10-20%. Therefore, if the administrative review is not successful, then an applicant can file a judicial review.

Since unlike a visitor visa application, usually, PBS applicants, especially Tier-1 Entrepreneurs, usually don’t reapply after the first refusal. Therefore, the implications of filing a judicial review are more profound after the receipt of a rejection decision in the case of PBS applicants. Therefore, if a PBS Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4 and Tier 5 applicant is convinced that the evaluating officer has committed a procedural mistake then may resort to UK immigration judicial review.

How judicial review can help in removing a 10-year UK visa ban?

Quite indeed, a refusal u/s 320(7A) of the Immigration Rules and for visitors, under paragraph V 3.6 of Appendix V, contracts an automatic ten (10) year ban. Certainly, in the absence of any appeal rights, filing a Judicial Review is the only legal recourse available to an applicant in most of the cases such as all types of UK visitor visa and PBS (Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4 & Tier 5) entry clearance and leave to remain applications.

3) What is the UK immigration Judicial Review procedure?

An immigration judicial review procedure consists of a series of stages viz. Pre-action Protocol (PEP), lodgement, acknowledgement of service, a decision “on the papers”, oral or reconsideration hearing, negotiations and settlement, and the substantive hearing. And if the judicial is refused then appealing against the decision.

1) Pre-action Protocol (PEP) Letter

Perhaps, the purpose of a Pre-action Protocol (PEP) letter is to warn the Home Office and Entry Clearance Officer (ECO) that if the mistake is not corrected then the applicant will lodge legal action against the UK visa and immigration refusal decision.

What the Pre-action Protocol (PEP) letter explains?

Indeed, the pre-action letter explains the details as to why the decision that the applicant wants to challenge is wrong and also gives reasons to that end. In fact, this serving of a PEP provides the other side (Home Office/ECO) an opportunity to mitigate and avoid any legal action.

What is the Pre-action Protocol (PEP) response time?

Perhaps, the PEP response time is usually set to fourteen (14) days. However, if a case is of urgent nature then an applicant’s solicitor can intimate a shorter deadline.

What is the usual response of the Home Office to a PEP letter?

In fact, the Home Office often ignores the Pre-action protocol (PEP) letters. Therefore, once the time limit (of 14 days) expires then the applicant’s solicitor lodges a judicial review against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision.

2) Lodging of UK immigration judicial review

Accordingly, the lawyer files and lodge the judicial review claim Form T480 in the Upper Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber.

Perhaps, for correspondence with the court, the judicial review claim form requires address details. And it is critical to notify the court of any subsequent changes of address while the claim is pending before the tribunal.

Furthermore, apart from T480, the other T series forms used in the various stages of the immigration judicial review procedure are:

  1. T485 Statement under Upper Tribunal Rule 28A
  2. T482 Fresh Claim JR – Acknowledgement of Service
  3. T483 Fresh Claim JR – Application for Urgent Service
  4. T484 Application Notice
  5. T486 Notice of Change of Solicitor

Statement of facts and reasons

Quite clearly, the statement of fact is a summary of the subject matter and the material facts of the case. Moreover, the statement of reasons forms part of the explanation of the reason to challenge a UK visa and immigration refusal decision. Indeed, this explanation later referred to as ‘grounds for immigration judicial review’. As a practice, solicitors usually ask a barrister to complete this part of the application and deal with the details of the error(s) and omissions made by an Entry Clearance Officer (ECO) whilst reaching an unlawful decision. For instance, if evidence was ignored it is clearly stated and explained on the grounds.

What remedies an applicant is seeking?

Certainly, this explains what remedies an appellant is seeking, such as:

  • reversing or reconsidering the UK visa and immigration refusal decision
  • compelling the Home Office to act in a certain way
  • claiming damages if an appellant has suffered as a result of the UK visa and immigration refusal decision, which the applicant is challenging through the judicial review

How to file an urgent UK immigration judicial review?

Perhaps, this requires filling another or an extra form depending on the nature of the remedy. In fact, Form T483 is for the urgent consideration of the court. The use of T483 form is often justified in judicial review relating to the UK visit visa refusal decisions. Moreover, since the abolition of the appeal rights in 2013, it is now quite difficult for the Home Office to maintain that there is an alternative remedy. Therefore, challenging UK family visitor visa application refusal decisions relating to attending a family wedding or funeral through an urgent UK immigration judicial review is probably easier to justify.

3) Acknowledgement of Service by the Home Office

In fact, after lodging the UK immigration judicial review, an appellant needs to wait for the response of the Home Office. Perhaps, as per procedure, the Home Office needs to furnish a response (i.e.‘Acknowledgement of Service) within 14 days. However, the Home Office quite often fails to respond within 14 days. And the tribunal usually does not take any action for the delay.

What acknowledgement of service usually states?

As per practice, the acknowledgement of service usually includes the summary grounds of defence. And accordingly, explains the reasons why the Home Office is contesting the claim. Perhaps, the acknowledgement of service is quite often an aggressive document. In fact, it is a routine practice of the Home Office lawyers to allege that a judicial review against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision is without merit. Perhaps, irrespective of the merits of the case.

What if the Home Office concedes?

However, at times the Acknowledgement of Service suggests to settle or concede a case by reconsidering a refusal decision or even agreeing to issue a visa, respectively. Quite clearly, even in such instances, the appellant solicitor needs to formally withdraw the judicial review with a court order as once the process of immigration judicial review is initiated, then it cannot end by just walking away as a formal order is required to complete the process!

What if the Home Office does not concede?

As a matter of fact, if the Home Office does not concede then the appellant contests the refusal decision through a paper hearing.

4) Paper hearing

Once the claimant lodged the claim form and the defendant provides the Acknowledgement of Service along with with the Summary Grounds of Defence, then both the parties contest the judicial review against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision. And a judge gives a decision.

What if a paper hearing is successful?

if the judge holds that there are sufficient grounds (on the papers), then there is no need for an oral hearing, and permission to proceed further is granted for a full hearing.

What happens after a refusal decision?

If the judge considers that the case is ‘not arguable’ on the basis of paperwork, then refuses permission for a substantive hearing. Perhaps, this quite often happens even for cases with very strong merit, whose challenge becomes successful eventually. Therefore, if the permission is rejected ‘on the papers’ (just on the basis of written arguments of both the parties), then it is usually possible to apply for an oral renewal or a reconsideration hearing.

5) Oral renewal or reconsideration hearing

The Oral Renewal/Reconsideration Hearing is a short hearing wherein the appellant lawyer addresses the judge directly in person. The Home Office does not have to be represented at the Oral Renewal. However, the Home Office usually send its lawyer to oppose the case.

The reconsideration application form is included in the paperwork with the refusal of permission. A short statement of reasons enumerating the reasons as to why the earlier judgment was wrong is added. A barrister usually drafts this document. This is required to furnish within seven (7) days from the date of refusal.

What is the waiting time for the oral hearing?

Once this is submitted, then there is a waiting time before a hearing date is notified for the reconsideration hearing.  The waiting time depends on how busy the courts are; and runs into several weeks of notice.

What is the duration of the oral or reconsideration hearing?

The reconsideration hearing will usually be allocated for approx. one hour of the court’s time, which includes submissions from either party and the judge announcing the decision with reasons in the court. The hearings often exceed the scheduled time.

What happens in oral renewal or reconsideration hearing?

As per procedure, the tribunal allocates time for an oral renewal or reconsideration hearing. Quite clearly, it is an opportunity to persuade a judge that the case is arguable on its merits. Perhaps, in other types of judicial reviews, the respondent is not represented at renewal hearing. However, in immigration cases, the Home Office often assigns a lawyer to oppose the application. The judge decides the case there and then, and announce the verdict in the court.

What if the oral renewal or reconsideration hearing is successful?

In case the permission is granted, then the next stage is to prepare for a full hearing.

What happens after a refusal decision?

In case the permission is refused, then there is a right of appeal to the Court of Appeals.

When the Home Office will negotiate a settlement?

It is customary for the Home Office to negotiate a ‘settlement’, in the event permission for a substantive hearing at the ‘papers’ or ‘oral renewal’ stage. A grant of permission is a strong indication that a judge thinks there are definite merits to the case. Accordingly, this compels the Home Office to consider whether it is wise to defend the refusal decision any further.

In case the Home Office decides to yield, this refers to as either ‘conceding’ or ‘settling’ the case.

What happens next if the Home Office concedes?

If the Home Office ‘concedes‘, then the Treasury Solicitors (representing the Home Office) will draft a letter, which is called a ‘consent order’. In the consent order, the Home Office suggests the appellant ‘to withdraw the case‘. It also provides the details of concessions/actions that the Home Office is agreeing to undertake within three (3) months from signing of the consent order.

6) What is a prerequisite before the substantive hearing?

The Upper Tribunal (Procedure) Rules 2008 prescribes a few steps, which the parties need to undertake prior to a full hearing. These include an exchange of bundles and skeleton arguments.

7) What happens in the substantive hearing?

The appellant will first submit the reasons for challenging the refusal decision, which is unlawful. The respondent will rebuke the reasons i.e. will explain as to why the refusal decision is not unlawful. The judge usually makes a decision there and then and announces it in court.

What happens if the judicial review is successful?

If the judicial review application is successful, then the challenged decision is normally ‘quashed’. However, at times the tribunal may also issue a mandatory order for the issuance of the visa.

What happens after dismissal?

If UTIAC dismisses a UK immigration judicial review at the substantive hearing, then a right of appeal is available. Accordingly, the appellant can file an appeal at the Court of Appeals. However, this requires permission for the upper chamber.

Immigration judicial review UK procedure and process

Immigration judicial review UK procedure and process

4) UK Immigration judicial review statistics 2013-19

According to Official Statistics, from 2013/14 to 2018/19, the UTIAC received 69,980 UK immigration judicial review applications. And disposed of 70,484 applications. Moreover, during the aforesaid period, a total of 63,427 JR applications determined. Perhaps, the UK immigration judicial review success rate after a substantive hearing has remained as high as 38% in 2018/19.

UK immigration judicial review statistics 2013-19

UK immigration judicial review statistics

Please note: in refusing permission for judicial review, a judge can certify a case to be ‘totally without merit’. Moreover, the ‘Totally Without Merit’ figures are only available for applications for permission to lodge Judicial Reviews dealt with on papers. The determination and refusal numbers, therefore, exclude the permission applications dealt with orally and which are included in the total Determined

UK Human Rights Blog

Most cases settle before the permission stage and of these a very high percentage settle in a claimant’s favour. The permission stage presents a substantial hurdle. The surviving claims roughly around 80% weed-out at this stage. But of those claims proceeding beyond permission, the chances are that a favourable settlement will reach for the claimant before trial (well in excess of 50% of cases settled).

UK immigration judicial review statistics Apr-Jun 2019/20

In April-June 2019, the UTIAC received 1,731 JR applications. And disposed of 2,252 UK Immigration and Asylum Judicial Reviews with the following breakup:

  • Determinations: 65% (1,464) of the judicial review applications determined against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision
  • Transfers: 2% (45) of the applications transferred to the Administrative Court
  • Withdrawn or not served: the remaining 33% (743) of applications were in the ‘Other’ category. In fact, these include withdrawn or not served cases

Total UK immigration judicial reviews decisions in Apr-Jun 2019

During April-June 2019, the UTIAC determined a total of 2,407 UK immigration judicial review applications with the following breakup:

  1. Paper hearings: in April-June 2019 the UTIAC determined 1,916 JR applications by paper hearing. And allowed 9% (173) of applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  2. Oral renewals: in April-June 2019 the UTIAC reconsidered 465 UK immigration judicial review applications at an oral renewal. And allowed 30% (140) of oral renewal JR applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  3. Substantive hearings: the UTIAC determined 26 substantive hearings in April-June 2019. And granted 31% (8) substantive hearing in favour of the appellant

UK immigration judicial review statistics 2018/19

In 2018/19, the UTIAC received 7,850 JR applications. And disposed of 9,108 UK Immigration and Asylum Judicial Reviews with the following breakup:

  • Determinations: 65% (5,920) of the judicial review applications determined against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision
  • Transfers: 2% (182) of the applications transferred to the Administrative Court
  • Withdrawn or not served: the remaining 33% (3,006) of applications were in the ‘Other’ category. In fact, these include withdrawn or not served cases

Total UK immigration judicial reviews decisions in 2018/19

During 2018/19, the UTIAC determined a total of 9,022 UK immigration judicial review applications with the following breakup:

  1. Paper hearings: in 2018/19 the UTIAC determined 6,628 JR applications by paper hearing. And allowed 9% (597) of applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  2. Oral renewals: in 2018/19 the UTIAC reconsidered 2,267 UK immigration judicial review applications at an oral renewal. And allowed 27% (612) of oral renewal JR applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  3. Substantive hearings: the UTIAC determined 127 substantive hearings in 2018/19. And granted 38% (49) substantive hearing in favour of the appellant.

UK immigration judicial review statistics 2017/18

In 2017/18, the UTIAC received 10,011 JR applications. And disposed of 11,120 UK Immigration and Asylum Judicial Reviews with the following breakup:

  • Determinations: 71% (7,895) of the judicial review applications determined against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision
  • Transfers: 3% (334) of the applications transferred to the Administrative Court
  • Withdrawn or not served: the remaining 26% (2,891) of applications were in the ‘Other’ category. In fact, these include withdrawn or not served cases

Total UK immigration judicial reviews decisions in 2017/18

During 2017/18, the UTIAC determined a total of 11,145 UK immigration judicial review applications with the following breakup:

  1. Paper hearings: in 2017/18 the UTIAC determined 8,119 JR applications by paper hearing. And allowed 8% (650) of applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  2. Oral renewals: in 2017/18 the UTIAC reconsidered 2,803 UK immigration judicial review applications at an oral renewal. And allowed 26% (729) of oral renewal JR applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  3. Substantive hearings: the UTIAC determined 223 substantive hearings in 2017/18. And granted 35% (78) substantive hearing in favour of the appellant.

UK immigration judicial review statistics 2016/17

In 2016/17, the UTIAC received 13,372 JR applications. And disposed of 13,720 UK Immigration and Asylum Judicial Reviews with the following breakup:

  • Determinations: 71% (9,742) of the judicial review applications determined against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision
  • Transfers: 2% (274) of the applications transferred to the Administrative Court
  • Withdrawn or not served: the remaining 27% (3,704) of applications were in the ‘Other’ category. In fact, these include withdrawn or not served cases

Total UK immigration judicial reviews decisions in 2016/17

During 2016/17, the UTIAC determined a total of 13,151 UK immigration judicial review applications with the following breakup:

  1. Paper hearings: in 2016/17 the UTIAC determined 10,191 JR applications by paper hearing. And allowed 8% (815) of applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  2. Oral renewals: in 2016/17 the UTIAC reconsidered 2,693 UK immigration judicial review applications at an oral renewal. And allowed 22% (592) of oral renewal JR applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  3. Substantive hearings: the UTIAC determined 267 substantive hearings in 2016/17. And granted 28% (75) substantive hearing in favour of the appellant.

UK immigration judicial review statistics 2015/16

In 2015/16, the UTIAC received 15,727 JR applications. And disposed of 19,128 UK Immigration and Asylum Judicial Reviews with the following breakup:

  • Determinations: 73% (13,963) of the judicial review applications determined against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision
  • Transfers: 3% (574) of the applications transferred to the Administrative Court
  • Withdrawn or not served: the remaining 24% (4,591) of applications were in the ‘Other’ category. In fact, these include withdrawn or not served cases

Total UK immigration judicial reviews decisions in 2015/16

During 2015/16, the UTIAC determined a total of 16,792 UK immigration judicial review applications with the following breakup:

  1. Paper hearings: in 2015/16 the UTIAC determined 14,575 JR applications by paper hearing. And allowed 5% (729) of applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  2. Oral renewals: in 2015/16 the UTIAC reconsidered 2,057 UK immigration judicial review applications at an oral renewal. And allowed 23% (473) of oral renewal JR applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  3. Substantive hearings: the UTIAC determined 160 substantive hearings in 2015/16. And granted 19% (30) substantive hearing in favour of the appellant.

UK immigration judicial review statistics 2014/15

In 2014/15, the UTIAC received 15,179 JR applications. And disposed of 15,084 UK Immigration and Asylum Judicial Reviews with the following breakup:

  • Determinations: 55% (8,296) of the judicial review applications determined against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision
  • Transfers: 2% (302) of the applications transferred to the Administrative Court
  • Withdrawn or not served: the remaining 43% (6,486) of applications were in the ‘Other’ category. In fact, these include withdrawn or not served cases

Total UK immigration judicial reviews decisions in 2014/15

During 2014/15, the UTIAC determined a total of 10,083 UK immigration judicial review applications with the following breakup:

  1. Paper hearings: in 2014/15 the UTIAC determined 8,297 JR applications by paper hearing. And allowed 7% (581) of applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  2. Oral renewals: in 2014/15 the UTIAC reconsidered 1,695 UK immigration judicial review applications at an oral renewal. And allowed 19% (322) of oral renewal JR applications to continue to the substantive hearing stage.
  3. Substantive hearings: the UTIAC determined 91 substantive hearings in 2014/15. And granted 29% (26) substantive hearing in favour of the appellant.

UK immigration judicial review statistics 2013/14

In 2013/14, the UTIAC received 7,841 JR applications. And disposed of 2,347 UK Immigration and Asylum Judicial Reviews with the following breakup:

  • Determinations: 54% (1,278) of the judicial review applications determined against a UK visa and immigration refusal decision
  • Transfers: 6% (139) of the applications transferred to the Administrative Court
  • Withdrawn or not served: the remaining 40% (930) of applications were in the ‘Other’ category. In fact, these include withdrawn or not served cases

Furthermore, in 2013/14, the UTIAC determined a total of 3,234 UK immigration judicial review applications.

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