Bringing Adopted Child to UK | Visa for Adopted Child to UK

Bringing Adopted Child to UK- Visa for Adopted Child to UKThis relates to bringing an adopted child to the UK under the Immigration Rules. And also cursory explains the overseas child adoption process in the UK. Therefore, prospective parents first need to get the approval of the Department of Education (DfE) before applying for entry clearance under the immigration rules for the for bringing an adopted child to the UK. It is important to note that the DfE does not advice and intervene in immigration matters. However, adopted children by British Citizens can be eligible for British Citizenship. Apparently, in certain circumstances, the British Nationality Act 1981 allows for children adopted on or after 1st January 1983 to automatically become a British Citizen from the date of the adoption order.

The Process of Applying for Overseas Child Adoption in the UK

In the UK one can adopt a child from overseas if the child cannot be cared for in a safe environment in his/her home country and adoption is the best interest of the child. And also the adopter has been assessed as eligible and suitable to adopt from overseas by an adoption agency in the UK.

Who to contact for Adopting a Child from Overseas?

If you want to adopt a child from overseas, you should contact either the local council or a voluntary adoption agency that deals with overseas adoption. Moreover, the adoption process is similar to a UK adoption and will be done by a UK adoption agency that may charge a fee. Moreover, there are additional steps involved in overseas child adoption such as assessment by overseas adoption authority and visiting the child in his/her home country. And also sending the adoption application to the home country of the child. Certainly, the UK adoption agency informs about any further information and details.

Child Adoption Fees of the Department for Education (DfE)

The DfE fee is £1,975 to process a child adoption application; however, the fee is exempt from VAT. Once the Department for Education accepts the child adoption application then will contact the adopting parents to pay the application fee.

Permission for Overseas Child Adoption in the UK

In the UK, there are restrictions on overseas child adoption from Cambodia, Guatemala, Nepal, Haiti and Ethiopia. However, an applicant can contact the Intercountry Adoption Team for child adoption from any of these countries. Moreover, an applicant needs to apply in writing, explaining the reasons for the exception. The relevant regulations for overseas child adoption are The Adoption Agencies Regulations 2005 and The Adoptions with Foreign Element Regulations 2005.

The Intercountry Child Adoption Checklist

The application to the Department of Education for adopting overseas children must include written confirmation of the decision from the Agency Decision Maker and any recommendation the agency has made about the country, the number of children, their age range and/or gender. And also the likely needs and background of the children.

Provision of Documents and Information in terms of Regulation 25

The applicants need to provide all the documents and information to the adoption panel in accordance with regulation 25. The information may include the original medical report on each prospective adopter, the original DBS check for each prospective adopter and every adult member of the household. And also the report of the visit to 3 independent referees (2 of which must be non-family members).

The record of proceedings of the adoption panel and that of the Independent Review Panel. And also their recommendation and the reason for the recommendation.

Eligibility of the Prospective Adopters and Immigration Status

The application to the Department of Education also needs to confirm that each prospective adopter is eligible to adopt i.e. aged 21 years or over. And also has the immigration status to sponsor the entry of a dependent into the UK.

For Non-Hague child adoption:

  • if a couple, one adopter is domiciled or
  • both are habitually resident in the British Islands for not less than one year ending with the date of application for an adoption order
  • meets residency requirements (see Annex A – Intercountry adoption and resident status requirements)

For a child adoption under Hague Convention:

  • both are habitually resident in the British Islands for not less than one year ending with the date of application to be assessed by the adoption agency
  • the adoption agency has explained in writing to the prospective adopter the procedure in relation to, and the legal implication of, adopting a child in accordance with the Convention.
  • meets residency requirements (see Annex A – Intercountry adoption and resident status requirements)

Bringing an Adopted Child to the UK: Immigration Rules

The paragraphs 309(A) and 309(B) of the Immigration Rules Part 8: Family Members, explains the details of de facto adoptions.

Adoptive Parents Living Together and also with the Child

Accordingly, the paragraphs 309(A) explains that for the purposes of adoption under paragraphs 310-316C a de facto adoption shall be regarded as having taken place if:

(a) at the time immediately preceding the making of the application for entry clearance under these Rules the adoptive parent or parents have been living abroad (in applications involving two parents both must have lived abroad together) for at least a period of time equal to the first period mentioned in sub-paragraph (b)(i) and must have cared for the child for at least a period of time equal to the second period material in that sub-paragraph; and

(b) during their time abroad, the adoptive parent or parents have:

(i) lived together for a minimum period of 18 months, of which the 12 months immediately preceding the application for entry clearance must have been spent living together with the child; and

(ii) have assumed the role of the child’s parents, since the beginning of the 18 month period, so that there has been a genuine transfer of parental responsibility

Certificate of Eligibility for Inter-Country Child Adoption

According to paragraph 309B of the Immigration Rules, Inter-country adoption may be subject to section 83 of the Adoption and Children Act 2002 or the equivalent legislation in Scotland or Northern Ireland if the adopter’s habitual residence is there. Where this is the case, a letter obtained from the Department for Education (England and Wales habitual residents) or the equivalent from the relevant central authority (Scotland or Northern Ireland habitual residents) confirming the issue of a Certificate of Eligibility must be provided with an entry clearance adoption application under paragraphs 310-316C.

Bringing an Adopted Child to the UK: Indefinite Leave

Paragraphs 310-13 of the Immigration Rules, explains the details of applying for Indefinite Leave to Enter or Remain in the UK as an adopted child of a parent(s) present and settled or being admitted for settlement in the UK, respectively.

Requirements for Indefinite Leave to Enter as an Adopted Child

310. The requirements to be met in the case of a child seeking indefinite leave to enter the United Kingdom as the adopted child of a parent or parents present and settled or being admitted for settlement in the United Kingdom are that he:

(i) is seeking leave to enter to accompany or join an adoptive parent or parents in one of the following circumstances;

(a) both parents are present and settled in the United Kingdom; or

(b) both parents are being admitted on the same occasion for settlement; or

(c) one parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom and the other is being admitted on the same occasion for settlement; or

(d) one parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom or being admitted on the same occasion for settlement and the other parent is dead; or

(e) one parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom or being admitted on the same occasion for settlement and has had sole responsibility for the child’s upbringing; or

(f) one parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom or being admitted on the same occasion for settlement and there are serious and compelling family or other considerations which make the exclusion of the child undesirable and suitable arrangements have been made for the child’s care; or

(g) in the case of a de facto adoption one parent has a right of abode in the United Kingdom or indefinite leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom and is seeking admission to the United Kingdom on the same occasion for the purposes of settlement; and

(ii) is under the age of 18; and

(iii) is not leading an independent life, is unmarried and is not a civil partner, and has not formed an independent family unit; and

(iv) can, and will, be accommodated and maintained adequately without recourse to public funds in accommodation which the adoptive parent or parents own or occupy exclusively; and

(v) DELETED

(vi)

(a) was adopted in accordance with a decision taken by the competent administrative authority or court in his country of origin or the country in which he is resident, being a country whose adoption orders are recognised by the United Kingdom; or

(b) is the subject of a de facto adoption; and

(vii) was adopted at a time when:

(a) both adoptive parents were resident together abroad; or

(b) either or both adoptive parents were settled in the United Kingdom; and

(viii) has the same rights and obligations as any other child of the adoptive parent’s or parents’ family; and

(ix) was adopted due to the inability of the original parent(s) or current carer(s) to care for him and there has been a genuine transfer of parental responsibility to the adoptive parents; and

(x) has lost or broken his ties with his family of origin; and

(xi) was adopted, but the adoption is not one of convenience arranged to facilitate his admission to or remaining in the United Kingdom; and

(xii) holds a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity; and

(xiii) does not fall for refusal under the general grounds for refusal.

Requirements for an ILR as the Adopted Child of Settled Parents

311. The requirements to be met in the case of a child seeking indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom as the adopted child of a parent or parents present and settled in the United Kingdom are that he:

(i) is seeking to remain with an adoptive parent or parents in one of the following circumstances:

(a) both parents are present and settled in the United Kingdom; or

(b) one parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom and the other parent is dead; or

(c) one parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom and has had sole responsibility for the child’s upbringing; or

(d) one parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom and there are serious and compelling family or other considerations which make the exclusion of the child undesirable and suitable arrangements have been made for the child’s care; or

(e) in the case of a de facto adoption one parent has a right of abode in the United Kingdom or indefinite leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom and is seeking admission to the United Kingdom on the same occasion for the purpose of settlement; and

(ii) has limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom, and

(a) is under the age of 18; or

(b) was given leave to enter or remain with a view to settlement under paragraph 315 or paragraph 316B; and

(iii) is not leading an independent life, is unmarried and is not a civil partner, and has not formed an independent family unit; and

(iv) can, and will, be accommodated and maintained adequately without recourse to public funds in accommodation which the adoptive parent or parents own or occupy exclusively; and

(v) DELETED

(vi)

(a) was adopted in accordance with a decision taken by the competent administrative authority or court in his country of origin or the country in which he is resident, being a country whose adoption orders are recognised by the United Kingdom; or

(b) is the subject of a de facto adoption; and

(vii) was adopted at a time when:

(a) both adoptive parents were resident together abroad; or

(b) either or both adoptive parents were settled in the United Kingdom; and

(viii) has the same rights and obligations as any other child of the adoptive parent’s or parents’ family; and

(ix) was adopted due to the inability of the original parent(s) or current carer(s) to care for him and there has been a genuine transfer of parental responsibility to the adoptive parents; and

(x) has lost or broken his ties with his family of origin; and

(xi) was adopted, but the adoption is not one of convenience arranged to facilitate his admission to or remaining in the United Kingdom; and

(xii) does not fall for refusal under the general grounds for refusal.

Grant of an Indefinite Leave as Adopted Child of Settled Parents

Indefinite Leave to Enter or Remain in the United Kingdom as the adopted child of a parent or parents present and settled or being admitted for settlement in the United Kingdom

312. Indefinite leave to enter the United Kingdom as the adopted child of a parent or parents present and settled or being admitted for settlement in the United Kingdom may be granted provided a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity is produced to the Immigration Officer on arrival. Indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom as the adopted child of a parent or parents present and settled in the United Kingdom may be granted provided the Secretary of State is satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph 311 is met.

Refusal of Indefinite Leave as Adopted Child of Settled Parents

Refusal of Indefinite Leave to Enter or Remain in the United Kingdom as the adopted child of a parent or parents present and settled or being admitted for settlement in the United Kingdom

313. Indefinite leave to enter the United Kingdom as the adopted child of a parent or parents present and settled or being admitted for settlement in the United Kingdom is to be refused if a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity is not produced to the Immigration Officer on arrival. Indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom as the adopted child of a parent or parents present and settled in the United Kingdom is to be refused if the Secretary of State is not satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph 311 is met.

Bringing an Adopted Child to the UK: Limited Leave

Paragraphs 314, 315 and 316 of the Immigration Rules Part 8: Family Members, explains the details of Requirements for Limited Leave to Enter or Remain as the Adopted Child, Grant of Limited Leave to Enter or Remain as the Adopted Child and Refusal of Limited Leave to Enter or Remain as the Adopted Child of a parent(s) given a limited leave to enter or remain in the UK with a view to settlement, respectively.

Requirements for Limited Leave as the Adopted Child

Requirements for Limited Leave to Enter or Remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as the adopted child of a parent or parents given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement

314. The requirements to be met in the case of a child seeking limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as the adopted child of a parent or parents given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to a settlement are that he:

(i) is seeking leave to enter to accompany or join or remain with a parent or parents in one of the following

(a) one parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom or being admitted on the same occasion for settlement and the other parent is being or has been given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement; or

(b) one parent is being or has been given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement and has had sole responsibility for the child’s upbringing; or

(c) one parent is being or has been given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement and there are serious and compelling family or other considerations which make the exclusion of the child undesirable and suitable arrangements have been made for the child’s care; or

(d) in the case of a de facto adoption one parent has a right of abode in the United Kingdom or indefinite leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom and is seeking admission to the United Kingdom on the same occasion for the purpose of settlement; and

(ii) is under the age of 18; and

(iii) is not leading an independent life, is unmarried and is not a civil partner, and has not formed an independent family unit; and

(iv) can, and will, be accommodated and maintained adequately without recourse to public funds in accommodation which the adoptive parent or parents own or occupy exclusively; and

(v)

(a) was adopted in accordance with a decision taken by the competent administrative authority or court in his country of origin or the country in which he is resident, being a country whose adoption orders are recognised by the United Kingdom; or

(b) is the subject of a de facto adoption; and

(vi) was adopted at a time when:

(a) both adoptive parents were resident together abroad; or

(b) either or both adoptive parents were settled in the United Kingdom; and

(vii) has the same rights and obligations as any other child of the adoptive parent’s or parents’ family; and

(viii) was adopted due to the inability of the original parent(s) or current carer(s) to care for him and there has been a genuine transfer of parental responsibility to the adoptive parents; and

(ix) has lost or broken his ties with his family of origin; and

(x) was adopted, but the adoption is not one of convenience arranged to facilitate his admission to the United Kingdom; and

(xi) (where an application is made for limited leave to remain with a view to settlement) has limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom; and

(xii) if seeking leave to enter, holds a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity.

Grant of Limited Leave to Enter or Remain as the Adopted Child

Limited Leave to Enter or Remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as the adopted child of a parent or parents given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement

315. A person seeking limited leave to enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as the adopted child of a parent or parents given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement may be admitted for a period not exceeding 12 months provided he is able, on arrival, to produce to the Immigration Officer a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity. A person seeking limited leave to remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as the adopted child of a parent or parents given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement may be granted limited leave for a period not exceeding 12 months provided the Secretary of State is satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph 314 (i)-(xi) is met.

Refusal of Limited Leave to Enter or Remain as the Adopted Child

Refusal of Limited Leave to Enter or Remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as the adopted child of a parent or parents given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement

316. Limited leave to enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as the adopted child of a parent or parents given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement is to be refused if a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity is not produced to the Immigration Officer on arrival. Limited leave to remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as the adopted child of a parent or parents given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement is to be refused if the Secretary of State is not satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph 314 (i)-(xi) is met.

Limited Leave for a Child Seeking Adoption in the UK

Paragraphs 316A, 316B and 316C of the Immigration Rules Part 8: Family Members, explains the details of Requirements for Limited Leave to Enter the UK, Grant of Limited Leave to Enter, and Refusal of Limited Leave to Enter the UK as a Child Seeking Adoption in the UK, respectively.

Requirements for Limited Leave as a Child for Adoption

Requirements for Limited Leave to Enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption

316A. The requirements to be satisfied in the case of a child seeking limited leave to enter the United Kingdom for the purpose of being adopted (which, for the avoidance of doubt, does not include a de facto adoption) in the United Kingdom are that he:

(i) is seeking limited leave to enter to accompany or join a person or persons who wish to adopt him in the United Kingdom (the “prospective parent(s)”), in one of the following circumstances:

(a) both prospective parents are present and settled in the United Kingdom; or

(b) both prospective parents are being admitted for settlement on the same occasion that the child is seeking admission; or

(c) one prospective parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom and the other is being admitted for settlement on the same occasion that the child is seeking admission; or

(d) one prospective parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom and the other is being given limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement on the same occasion that the child is seeking admission, or has previously been given such leave; or

(e) one prospective parent is being admitted for settlement on the same occasion that the other is being granted limited leave to enter with a view to settlement, which is also on the same occasion that the child is seeking admission; or

(f) one prospective parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom or is being admitted for settlement on the same occasion that the child is seeking admission, and has had sole responsibility for the child’s upbringing; or

(g) one prospective parent is present and settled in the United Kingdom or is being admitted for settlement on the same occasion that the child is seeking admission, and there are serious and compelling family or other considerations which would make the child’s exclusion undesirable, and suitable arrangements have been made for the child’s care; and

(ii) is under the age of 18; and

(iii) is not leading an independent life, is unmarried and is not a civil partner, and has not formed an independent family unit; and

(iv) can, and will, be maintained and accommodated adequately without recourse to public funds in accommodation which the prospective parent or parents own or occupy exclusively; and

(v) will have the same rights and obligations as any other child of the marriage or civil partnership; and

(vi) is being adopted due to the inability of the original parent(s) or current carer(s) (or those looking after him immediately prior to him being physically transferred to his prospective parent or parents) to care for him, and there has been a genuine transfer of parental responsibility to the prospective parent or parents; and

(vii) has lost or broken or intends to lose or break his ties with his family of origin; and

(viii) will be adopted in the United Kingdom by his prospective parent or parents in accordance with the law relating to adoption in the United Kingdom, but the proposed adoption is not one of convenience arranged to facilitate his admission to the United Kingdom.

Grant of Limited Leave to Enter the UK as a Child for Adoption

Limited Leave to Enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption

316B. A person seeking limited leave to enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption may be admitted for a period not exceeding 24 months provided he is able, on arrival, to produce to the Immigration Officer a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity.

Refusal of Limited Leave to Enter the UK as a Child for Adoption

Refusal of Limited Leave to Enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption

316C. Limited leave to enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption is to be refused if a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity is not produced to the Immigration Officer on arrival.

Bringing an Adopted Child to the UK under the Hague Convention

Paragraphs 316D, 316E and 316F of the Immigration Rules Part 8: Family Members, explains the details of Requirements, Grant and Refusal of Limited Leave to Enter as a Child for Adoption under the Hague Convention, respectively.

Requirements for Bringing an Adopted Child to the UK

Requirements for Limited Leave to Enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption under the Hague Convention

316D The requirements to be satisfied in the case of a child seeking limited leave to enter the United Kingdom for the purpose of being adopted in the United Kingdom under the Hague Convention are that he:

(i) is seeking limited leave to enter to accompany one or two people each of whom are habitually resident in the United Kingdom and who wish to adopt him under the Hague Convention (“the prospective parents”);

(ii) is the subject of an agreement made under Article 17(c) of the Hague Convention; and

(iii) has been entrusted to the prospective parents by the competent administrative authority of the country from which he is coming to the United Kingdom for adoption under the Hague Convention; and

(iv) is under the age of 18; and

(v) can, and will, be maintained and accommodated adequately without recourse to public funds in accommodation which the prospective parent or parents own or occupy exclusively; and

(vi) holds a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity.

Grant of Limited Leave under Hague Convention

Limited Leave to Enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption under the Hague Convention

316E A person seeking limited leave to enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption under the Hague Convention may be admitted for a period not exceeding 24 months provided he is able, on arrival, to produce to the Immigration Officer a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity.

Refusal of Limited Leave under Hague Convention

Refusal of Limited Leave to Enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption under the Hague Convention

316F Limited leave to enter the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as a child for adoption under the Hague Convention is to be refused if a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity is not produced to the Immigration Officer on arrival.

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