This guidance relates to Student Spouse Dependent Visa UK 2023 Requirements. Explore the vital elements of applying for a UK Student Dependent Visa in this guide. From entry requirements to course eligibility, relationship verification, care for dependent children, and financial responsibilities, we cover all bases. Gain a thorough understanding of the application process and increase your chances of success with the UK Student Dependent Visa.
Table of Contents
1. Student Dependent Guidance
Understanding Student Spouse Dependent Visa in the UK
What is a Student Dependent Visa UK?
A Student Dependent Visa in the UK, also known as the “Dependent of a Student Visa,” allows certain family members to accompany international students studying in the UK. Eligible dependents include a spouse, civil partner, unmarried or same-sex partner, and children under 18.
Who Can Apply for UK Student Dependent Visa?
This visa is available to dependents of international students holding a valid student visa. The main visa holder must be enrolled in a full-time course lasting more than six months or be a government-sponsored student on a course of the same duration.
Note: Students on courses less than six months long or those holding a child student visa cannot bring dependents to the UK.
Which Country Allows Dependent on Student Visa?
In addition to the UK, several countries allow dependents to accompany international students. These include the United States (F-2 Visa), Canada (Spouse or Common-Law Partner Open Work Permit), Australia (Subclass 500), among others.
2. Entry Clearance
UK Student Dependent Visa Requirements
Entry clearance is mandatory for non-EEA nationals intending to enter the UK as student dependents. Before traveling to the UK, ensure you obtain entry clearance under the Student Dependent Visa category.
The application process involves filling out an online form, submitting necessary documents, and attending a biometrics appointment at a Visa Application Centre (VAC).
Tuberculosis Certificate Requirement
Applicants from specific countries must provide a Tuberculosis (TB) Certificate for stays exceeding six months. To apply for a Student Dependent Visa, submit a valid TB test certificate if you’ve lived in one of these countries for more than six months before your application.
The TB test must be conducted at a UK Home Office-approved clinic and is valid for six months from the test date. Failure to include a required TB certificate may result in visa refusal under Appendix Student of the Immigration Rules.
Every family member applying as a dependent needs their own TB certificate. For children, the TB test follows the UK Home Office’s specific guidelines.
3. Student Course Eligibility
Foreign Students Bringing Relatives to UK
Eligibility Criteria for Bringing Dependents
The UK Immigration Rules permit certain students to bring their dependents while studying in the UK. The eligible student categories are:
- Government-Sponsored Students: Those financially backed by a government or international agency for a course lasting 6 months or more can bring dependents.
- Higher Education Students: Students at compliant higher education providers with courses lasting 9 months or longer can bring their dependents.
- Students with Recent Permission: Those who had, or currently have, permission to study full-time for at least 6 months can bring dependents under specific conditions.
- Doctorate Extension Scheme Students: These students are also allowed to have dependents in the UK.
Restrictions for Short-Term Students
Students enrolled in courses lasting less than 6 months cannot bring dependents to the UK.
Restrictions for Child Students
Child Students are not permitted to bring dependents. This ensures their appropriate care and protection during the study period in the UK.
4. Relationship Verification
How to Prove Relationship for Student Spouse Visa UK?
Criteria for Proving Genuine Relationships
Proving a genuine and ongoing relationship is crucial for securing a UK Student Dependent Visa. Both partners and dependent children are required to provide evidence to verify their relationship with the student.
Proof for Married or Civil Partners
For UK student visa with spouse or civil partner, the following documents are typically required:
- A valid marriage or civil partnership certificate.
- A recognized overseas registration document for same-sex relationships.
Proof for Unmarried Partner Student Visa
Unmarried or non-civil partners must demonstrate they have lived together for at least two years. Acceptable forms of evidence include:
- Joint financial statements like bank statements, utility bills, or council tax bills.
- Housing documents like mortgage statements or tenancy agreements.
- Official correspondence linking both individuals to the same address.
Proof for Dependent Child Student Visa
Children need to substantiate their relationship with the student or the dependent partner. Suitable documentation can include:
- Full birth certificates.
- Special guardianship court orders.
- Government-issued household registration certificates.
The list of acceptable documentation is not exhaustive. Any documentation that convincingly demonstrates the authenticity of the relationship can be used. Importantly, affidavits alone may not suffice as they only verify a claim, not the relationship itself.
5. Care Requirement for Children
Dependent Child Student Visa Care Requirements
General Care Requirements
Ensuring the proper care and wellbeing of dependent children is a critical component of the UK Student Dependent Visa application process. Applicants must adhere to specific care requirements laid out by the UK Home Office. These regulations apply to children both under and over 16 years of age.
Under-16 Care Requirements
For children under the age of 16, the focus is on providing proof of appropriate care arrangements. The dependent child must reside with the student and any dependent partner, fulfilling standards set by UK legislation.
Applications are considered in line with the Section 55 duty, which mandates the Home Office to prioritize child welfare in all immigration, asylum, and related decisions.
Special Conditions for Over-16 Dependents
For dependents who are over 16, two specific conditions must be satisfied:
- Application Status: The individual must apply as a dependent of a student eligible to bring dependents into the UK.
- Independence Criteria: The dependent should not be living an independent life. This entails being unmarried, residing with the parent, and not working full-time.
Document Requirements for Over-16 Dependents
Over-16 dependents need to substantiate that they are not leading an independent life. Acceptable evidence includes:
- Financial statements like bank and credit card statements.
- Educational documents such as official letters from schools or universities.
- Proof of financial support from the student or dependent partner, if not residing with them.
6. Financial Requirements
UK Student Dependent Visa Funds Requirements
Overview of Funding Criteria
Understanding the financial requirements is a cornerstone of the UK Student Spouse Dependent Visa application process. The applicant must show proof of adequate funds to sustain their living costs in the UK. This condition exists to confirm that the dependent won’t need to rely on public funds during their stay.
Automatic Financial Requirements Waiver
An exception is available for dependents who have legally resided in the UK for at least 12 months at the time of their application. This group is automatically considered to meet the financial requirements, negating the need for additional financial evidence.
Calculating Required Funds
The funds needed vary based on the length of the student’s permission to stay, their location within the UK, and their participation in the doctorate extension scheme. Applicants generally need to show they have funds for up to 9 months. Specifically, the monthly amounts are £845 for those living in Greater London and £680 for residents of other areas. However, for those under the doctorate extension scheme, the requirement drops to financial proof for just two months.
Types of Financial Evidence
Producing valid financial evidence is a pivotal step in the application process. Various types of documentation can be submitted:
- Bank Statements: These must comply with the stipulations in Appendix Finance FIN 5.1 and FIN 8.1.
- Sponsorship Letters: If an official financial sponsor is supporting the student, a letter mentioning the dependent and confirming that living costs will be covered can suffice.
- Additional Documents: Payslips, tax returns, or other financial documents may also be considered valid evidence by the Home Office.
7. Supporting Documents
Checklist of Required Documents for Student Dependent Visa UK
List of Essential Documents
Applying for a UK Student Dependent Visa involves providing an array of documents to support the application. Submitting these documents correctly is vital for a seamless application process and a higher likelihood of visa approval.
General Checklist for Student Dependent Visa UK
The list of documents can vary depending on individual circumstances. However, the generally required documents include:
- Online UK Student Visa Application Form printout
- Current passport or other valid travel identification
- Certified translations for non-English or non-Welsh documents
- Financial proof, such as bank statements or sponsorship letter
- Written consent from financial sponsor, if applicable
- Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS) receipt
- Tuberculosis test results, if required
- Relationship proof, like marriage or birth certificates
- Proof of suitable living arrangements for children under 16, if applicable
Guidelines for Document Preparation
Preparing each document necessitates specific considerations:
- Visa Online Application Form: Complete and print out the form, ensuring accuracy in all responses.
- Passport: Must be valid for the duration of your intended stay in the UK.
- Translations: Accompany any non-English or non-Welsh documents with certified translations.
- Financial Proof: Collate either your bank statements or sponsorship letter. Bank statements should reflect sufficient funds over a consistent period. Sponsorship letters must mention the dependent and confirm coverage of living expenses.
- Sponsor Consent: If sponsorship was received in the last 12 months, acquire written consent from the sponsor.
- IHS Receipt: Include the receipt for the Immigration Health Surcharge in your application.
- Tuberculosis Test: If applicable, undergo testing at an approved clinic and include results.
- Relationship Proof: Utilize marriage or birth certificates, or other documents like shared bank statements, to prove relationship with the student.
- Living Arrangement: If applying with children under 16, evidence of appropriate living arrangements in the UK is required.
To ensure you meet all the latest requirements, always consult the UK government’s official guidance for the most current information.
8. Processing Time and Fees
Associated Fees and Processing Time for Student Spouse Dependent Visa UK
Navigating the process of applying for a UK Student Dependent Visa involves understanding the timeframe and costs associated with the process. Here is some information to help you anticipate what to expect.
UK Student Dependent Visa Processing Time
The standard processing time for a UK Student Dependent Visa is usually within 3 weeks (15 working days) from the date you submit your application. However, it’s important to note that processing times can vary depending on several factors such as the time of year, the country from which you’re applying, and individual circumstances.
Optional Speedy Services for Student Dependent Visa UK
The UK Home Office offers Priority and Super-Priority Services for visa applicants who need quicker processing. With the £220 Priority Service, the aim is to process the visa application within 5 working days, while the £956 Super-Priority Service aims to process applications within 1 working day.
Cost of Applying for the Student Dependent Visa UK
The cost of applying for a UK Student Dependent Visa is generally the same as the main applicant’s student visa. The student dependent visa cost from outside the UK is £363. The Home Office fees for student dependent visa extension and switching application from inside the UK is £490. Once the visa is granted then student dependents need to pay £19.20 for biometrics information (fingerprints and a photo) in the UK.
IHS for Student Dependent Visa UK
For UK student dependent visa, besides the application fee, another mandatory cost is the Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS). IHS for student dependent visa grants access to the UK’s National Health Service (NHS) and is set at £624 per year, calculated based on the visa duration.
9. Success Rate
Factors Contributing to Success in UK Student Dependent Visa Applications
Statistical Analysis of UK Student Dependent Visa Approvals
Understanding the success rate of UK Student Dependent Visa applications can be a crucial factor in setting expectations for future applicants. As per the most recent immigration statistics, between the fourth quarter of 2020 and the second quarter of 2021, 14,931 applications were resolved for UK Student Spouse and Child Dependent Visas. Out of these, 13,525 visas were granted. The statistics indicate a success rate of roughly 90.58%, with a rejection rate of about 9.33%, and 12 applications were withdrawn.
Factors Influencing Success Rates
A variety of factors contribute to the success of a UK Student Dependent Visa application. Key factors include:
- Admission of the Main Student Visa Holder: Admission to a recognized educational institution and enrollment in a qualifying course are fundamental for the application’s success.
- Genuine Relationship Proof: Providing documents that demonstrate a real and ongoing relationship with the primary student visa holder is essential.
- Financial Stability: Having adequate financial resources to cover living expenses in the UK is crucial. Applicants must provide suitable evidence to meet this requirement.
- Adherence to Immigration Rules: Strict compliance with UK immigration guidelines and submission of all necessary documents in an accurate and timely manner can significantly enhance the success rate.
Consulting a qualified immigration advisor or closely following official UK government guidelines can further increase the chances of a successful visa application. By adhering to these guidelines and understanding the statistical landscape, applicants can better prepare and improve their chances of securing a UK Student Dependent Visa.
Summing Up Student Spouse Dependent Visa UK
Applying for a UK Student Dependent Visa demands meticulous attention to detail in both understanding eligibility criteria and gathering necessary documentation. From financial requirements to processing times, each step can impact the application’s outcome. The statistics show a high success rate for this visa category, making it a feasible option for eligible dependents. However, even a minor oversight can lead to application rejection.
To mitigate risks and maximize chances of approval, consulting immigration authorities or certified legal professionals is highly advised. Their expertise can offer insights tailored to individual circumstances, further increasing the likelihood of success.
In summary, a successful application process is built on thorough research, precise documentation, and expert advice. Each effort you invest in understanding and adhering to the guidelines enhances your chances of joining your partner in the UK for their academic journey.
Helpful Answers for Aspiring Applicants of the Student Spouse Dependent Visa UK
Here, we address some of the most frequently asked questions about the UK Student Dependent Visa to help you get a clearer understanding of the process and what it entails.
Can I bring my dependents to the UK if I am studying for less than 6 months?
No, students who are studying in the UK for less than 6 months are not permitted to bring dependents to the UK.
How can I prove a genuine and subsisting relationship with my partner or child?
You can establish your relationship with official documents such as marriage or birth certificates. If you’re not married, evidence like joint bank account statements, joint tenancy agreements, or correspondence showing the same address can be submitted. Additionally, evidence of living together for at least 2 years would be pertinent.
What are the financial requirements for a Student Spouse Dependent Visa?
You need to demonstrate that you have adequate funds to support yourself and any dependents. The exact amount depends on your location in the UK and the length of your permission.
How long does it take to process a UK Student Dependent Visa?
The standard service usually takes about 3 weeks or 15 working days for most applicants. However, you can purchase priority services to expedite the process.
Can a child over 16 be a dependent on a UK Student Visa?
Yes, a child over 16 can be a dependent, provided they’re not leading an independent life. They should primarily be financially and emotionally supported by their parents.
Can my spouse work in the UK on a Student Dependent Visa?
Under Paragraph ST 39.3 (b)(ii) of Appendix Student, a spouse dependent on a student studying a course below degree level is not allowed to work in the UK. However, if the spouse is dependent on a student pursuing a degree-level course, they are permitted to work (including self-employment and voluntary work). However, they are not allowed to work or be employed as a professional sportsperson, including as a sports coach.
Can I Study in UK with Dependent Visa?
Yes, you are permitted to study on a dependent visa in the UK. However, it’s important to note that restrictions may apply based on the course level and type. Before enrolling in any course, ensure to consult the latest guidelines or consult an immigration advisor to confirm the extent of your study rights.
Can I bring my husband to the UK while studying?
You can bring your husband to the UK while you’re studying by applying for a Student Spouse Dependent Visa. To be eligible, you must hold a valid Tier 4 or Student Route Visa and be enrolled in a course lasting at least nine months. Your application should include proof of your relationship, financial evidence to support living costs (£680-£845 per month for up to 9-months), and relevant health documentation. The standard processing time is around 3 weeks, with a fee of £363 for applications from outside the UK. Always check the latest UK Government guidelines for the most accurate and current information.
Can I get married while on a student visa in the UK?
Yes, you can get married while on a student visa in the UK, but you may need to comply with additional requirements. If you have a Tier 4 or Student Route Visa, you’re generally allowed to marry or form a civil partnership. However, you’ll need to apply for a Marriage or Civil Partnership Visit Visa or switch to a marriage visa to formalize your relationship legally. Ensure you have the correct documentation and that you meet the notice period criteria for giving notice at a registered office.