The Ultimate Guide to Start Up Visa UK for Aspiring Entrepreneurs

The Start Up Visa UK, pivotal for budding entrepreneurs aiming to introduce their innovative ventures in the United Kingdom, has been a cornerstone of entrepreneurial migration. This guide provides an exhaustive overview of what was the UK Startup Visa, detailing requirements, application procedures, and success strategies for launching your business. Notably, as of July 13, 2023, the Start Up Visa route has transitioned to the Innovator Founder Visa UK, marking a new chapter for entrepreneurial entry into the UK.

Published On:

Last Updated:

Start up Visa UK Guidance and Requirements

1. Comprehensive Overview of the UK Startup Visa

The UK Startup Visa, launched in 2019 as a replacement for the Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) route, is designed for aspiring entrepreneurs from around the globe. This visa creates a streamlined pathway for international entrepreneurs with high-potential business ideas, enabling them to establish or expand their ventures in the UK’s innovative and robust business environment. It plays a pivotal role in stimulating the UK’s economy, encouraging job creation, and enhancing global competitiveness by attracting and nurturing entrepreneurial talent.

  • Aims: To foster promising startups, contribute to economic growth, and maintain the UK’s status as a global innovation hub.
  • Target Group: Ambitious individuals with innovative, viable, and scalable business proposals.

Eligibility Requirements for the UK Startup Visa in 2023

To be eligible for the UK Startup Visa, applicants must satisfy several criteria:

Endorsement from an Approved Body:

  • Obtain validation of the business idea from an approved UK higher education institution or business organization, confirming the idea’s innovation, viability, and scalability.

Maintenance Funds:

  • Demonstrate sufficient funds for self-support, with at least £1,270 available for 28 consecutive days prior to application submission.

English Language Proficiency:

  • Prove English language skills at B2 CEFR level via tests like IELTS, scoring between 5.5 to 6.5 Band Score, or equivalent methods.


  • Present a valid passport with at least one blank page, and other necessary documents like a tuberculosis test result, certified translations, and the official endorsement letter.


The UK Startup Visa offers a valuable opportunity for entrepreneurs to bring their innovative ideas to the UK market. By understanding and meeting the outlined requirements, applicants can embark on a successful entrepreneurial journey in the United Kingdom, contributing to its economy and benefiting from its thriving business ecosystem.

    Our multilingual, qualified London-based immigration specialists will get back to you, usually within 2-3 working days. If you have not attached any documents, the UK-based law firm may ask for relevant case-specific documents such as refusal letters, deportation orders, application forms, etc. After reviewing the documents and information, the legal advisor may suggest a course of action and quote the fees for processing the application.

    2. The UK Startup Visa Endorsement and Application Process

    The application process for the UK Startup Visa consists of several key steps, including obtaining an endorsement, preparing a strong business plan, fulfilling financial requirements, and submitting a complete and accurate application. In this section, we will explore each of these aspects in detail to help aspiring entrepreneurs navigate the process with confidence.

    The first step in the application process is securing an endorsement from an approved body. Research different endorsing bodies to determine which one best aligns with your business idea and sector. Make sure to review their criteria, expectations, and any specific requirements for endorsement. Establishing a connection with the endorsing body and presenting a well-thought-out business proposal will improve your chances of obtaining their endorsement.

    A robust business plan is crucial for securing an endorsement and demonstrating the viability of your proposed venture. Your business plan should include a clear executive summary, detailed market research, a marketing and sales strategy, a thorough analysis of your competition, a comprehensive financial forecast, and an outline of your management team and organizational structure. Ensure that your business plan is well-organized, professional, and easy to understand, as it will serve as a key component of your visa application.

    As mentioned in the previous section, applicants must demonstrate their ability to support themselves and any dependents financially while in the UK. Prepare evidence of the required maintenance funds, such as bank statements showing that you have held the necessary amount for at least 28 consecutive days prior to your application. Make sure your financial documents are up-to-date, clear, and easy to verify.

    Tips for a Successful UK Startup Visa Application:

    To increase your chances of a successful UK Startup Visa application, consider the following tips:

    1. Start the process early to give yourself ample time to research, prepare documents, and address any potential issues.
    2. Consult an immigration lawyer or specialist to guide you through the process and ensure compliance with all requirements.
    3. Double-check your application and supporting documents for accuracy and completeness.
    4. Stay informed about any changes in immigration rules or requirements.
    5. Maintain a positive attitude and remain persistent in your pursuit of the visa.

    By following these steps and tips, you can navigate the application process with greater ease and improve your chances of securing a UK Startup Visa. This visa can be the key to launching a successful business in the United Kingdom and achieving your entrepreneurial dreams.

    3. UK Startup Visa Success Rate and Factors

    Understanding the success rate and factors influencing the approval of UK Startup Visas can help aspiring entrepreneurs optimize their applications and set realistic expectations. In this section, we will explore current success rates, success stories, and factors that contribute to a higher success rate. Additionally, we will compare the UK’s program with similar initiatives in other countries, such as Canada.

    Current Success Rates and Trends for UK Startup Visa:

    Between 2019 Q2 and 2020 Q3, a total of 572 applications were resolved, with 546 UK Startup Visas granted. This amounts to a success rate of 95.45%. In contrast, only 20 applications were rejected, resulting in a refusal rate of 3.66%.

    The UK Startup Visa success rate in 2019 and 2020 were 93.17% and 97.21%, respectively. These statistics indicate a high success rate, which suggests that well-prepared applicants with strong business ideas and the necessary funds have a higher likelihood of approval. It is essential to stay informed about trends in visa approvals and any changes in immigration policies, as these may influence success rates over time.

    Year/ QuarterStart-up Visa Success Rate
    2019 Q289.29%
    2019 Q397.85%
    2019 Q490.63%
    2020 Q197.70%
    2020 Q2100%
    2020 Q396.21%
    Start-up Visa Success Rate95.45%
    UK Start-up Visa Success Rate

    Success Rate for UK Startup Visa Extension or Switching Applications

    From 2019 Q2 to 2020 Q3, 1,178 startups leave to remain (extension or switching) applications were resolved and thirty-two applications were rejected. The success and refusal rates for startup leave to remain applications were 97.28% and 2.72%, respectively. The success rate in 2019 and 2020 was 96.23% and 98.07%, respectively.

    Year/ QuarterStart-up Visa Extension Success Rate
    2019 Q296.00%
    2019 Q394.48%
    2019 Q497.09%
    2020 Q197.87%
    2020 Q2100.00%
    2020 Q398.20%
    Start-up Visa Extension Success Rate97.28%
    UK Start-up Visa Extension Success Rate

    UK Startup Visa Success Stories from Entrepreneurs:

    Numerous entrepreneurs have successfully obtained UK Startup Visas and launched thriving businesses in the country. These success stories often involve innovative business ideas, strong endorsements, and the applicants’ determination and resilience. Studying these success stories can provide valuable insights into what makes an application stand out and how to navigate potential challenges during the application process.

    Factors that Contribute to a Higher Success Rate:

    Some factors may contribute to a higher success rate for UK Startup Visa applications, including:

    1. A well-researched, innovative, and scalable business idea
    2. A strong business plan with a clear market opportunity and competitive advantage
    3. Securing an endorsement from a reputable endorsing body
    4. Demonstrating adequate financial resources and a stable financial history
    5. Strong English language proficiency
    6. Complying with all immigration requirements and submitting accurate, complete documentation

    4. Start up Visa UK Processing Time and Costs 2023

    When planning to apply for a UK Startup Visa, it is crucial to consider the typical processing times and costs involved. In this section, we will discuss the average processing time for applications, the various fees and associated costs, and factors that may impact the processing time.

    The processing time for UK Startup Visa applications can vary depending on several factors, such as the applicant’s location, the time of year, and the completeness of the application. Generally, the processing time for a UK Startup Visa is around 3 weeks (15 working days) from the date of submission. From inside the UK, the start-up visa processing time after biometrics is normally within 8 weeks (or 40 working days). However, in some cases, it may take longer. It is essential to plan accordingly and submit your application well in advance to avoid any potential delays.

    There are several fees and costs associated with a UK Startup Visa application. The main costs include:

    • Visa application fee: As of September 2021, the application fee for a UK Startup Visa is ££378 for the main applicant. If you are bringing dependents (spouse or children), you will need to pay an additional fee for each dependent. If eligible the main applicant can also avail a Council of Europe Social Charter (CESC) discount of £55.
    • Healthcare surcharge: Applicants must also pay the Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS) to access the National Health Service (NHS) during their stay in the UK. The IHS fee is £624 per year for the main applicant and each dependent.
    • Maintenance funds: Applicants must demonstrate that they have sufficient funds to support themselves (and any dependents) for the duration of their stay in the UK. The required amount is £1,270 for the main applicant, £285 for partner, £315 for one child, and £200 for each additional child.
    • Endorsement fees: Some endorsing bodies may charge a fee for reviewing your business proposal and providing an endorsement. These fees can vary, so it is essential to research the endorsing body’s specific requirements and costs.

    Factors that may Affect UK Startup Visa Processing Time:

    Several factors can influence the processing time for a UK Startup Visa application, including:

    • Application volume: High volumes of applications during peak periods, such as the summer months or around major holidays, may result in longer processing times.
    • Application completeness: Incomplete or inaccurate applications may require additional time for review, clarification, or resubmission of documents.
    • Background checks: Thorough background checks, including security and criminal history, may prolong the processing time, especially if additional information is required.
    • Personal circumstances: Applicants with complex immigration histories or personal circumstances may experience longer processing times.

    5. Tips for Applicants from India and Pakistan

    Applicants from India and Pakistan aspiring to launch their startup in the UK may face unique challenges due to the differences in culture, regulations, and processes. In this section, we will provide tips for finding a UK Startup Visa consultant or agent, navigating the application process, and addressing common challenges faced by applicants from these countries.

    Finding a UK Startup Visa Consultant or Agent:

    Working with a reputable consultant or agent can significantly improve your chances of successfully obtaining a UK Startup Visa. They can provide valuable guidance and assistance throughout the application process. To find a reliable consultant or agent:

    • Seek recommendations from friends, family, or professional networks who have successfully applied for a UK Startup Visa.
    • Conduct thorough research online, read reviews, and look for testimonials from previous clients.
    • Verify the consultant’s or agent’s credentials and experience in handling UK Startup Visa applications, specifically for applicants from India or Pakistan.

    Navigating the Application Process from India or Pakistan:

    Applicants from India and Pakistan can follow these tips to navigate the UK Startup Visa application process more effectively:

    • Familiarize yourself with the UK visa application process and requirements, as well as any additional requirements specific to applicants from India and Pakistan.
    • Choose an endorsing body with experience in supporting entrepreneurs from your country. This can help ensure that they understand the unique challenges you may face and can provide tailored support.
    • Prepare a strong business plan that demonstrates the viability, innovation, and scalability of your startup. Highlight any prior experience or achievements that demonstrate your ability to execute the plan successfully.
    • Be prepared to attend a visa application center (VAC) in your country to submit biometric information and supporting documents. Book an appointment well in advance to avoid delays.

    Addressing Common Challenges Faced by Applicants from these Countries:

    Applicants from India and Pakistan may face specific challenges when applying for a UK Startup Visa. These tips can help address some of the most common issues:

    • Language proficiency: Ensure that you meet the English language proficiency requirements for the UK Startup Visa, as this is a crucial aspect of the application process. Consider taking an IELTS or other approved English language test to demonstrate your proficiency.
    • Financial documentation: Provide clear and accurate financial documentation to prove that you meet the maintenance fund requirements. Ensure that the funds are held in a recognized financial institution and are readily accessible.
    • Visa credibility interviews: Be prepared for a credibility interview, where you may be asked questions about your business, your background, and your intentions in the UK. Practice answering these questions confidently and honestly.

    6. Alternatives to the UK Startup Visa

    Innovator Visa and its success rate:

    The Innovator Visa is designed for more experienced entrepreneurs who wish to establish a business in the UK. Applicants must have a minimum investment of £50,000 and receive an endorsement from an approved body. The Innovator Visa success rate is relatively lower than the Startup Visa, but it still presents a viable option for seasoned entrepreneurs.

    Global Talent Visa:

    The Global Talent Visa is designed for individuals with exceptional talent or promise in the fields of science, engineering, humanities, digital technology, and arts and culture. This visa does not require an investment, but applicants must receive an endorsement from a recognized UK organization.

    Graduate Entrepreneur Visa:

    The Graduate Entrepreneur Visa (now replaced by the Startup Visa) was designed for graduates identified by UK higher education institutions as having a genuine and credible business idea. This visa option is no longer available for new applicants.

    Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa (if still relevant):

    The Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa allowed applicants to invest in and actively manage a business in the UK. This visa category required a minimum investment of £200,000 (or £50,000 from certain approved sources). However, the Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa was replaced by the Innovator Visa in March 2019 and is no longer available for new applicants.

    7. Startup Visa Credibility Interview Q&As

    During the credibility interview, the UK visa officer will assess your intentions, background, and business plan to determine if you are a genuine applicant for the UK Startup Visa. Here are some common questions and tips on how to prepare for the interview:

    • Tip: Provide a concise description of your business idea, emphasizing its innovative aspects and potential market impact.
    • Tip: Explain the inspiration behind your idea and any research, experience, or knowledge that contributed to its development.
    • Tip: Discuss your growth strategy, including target markets, sales channels, and potential partnerships.
    • Tip: Highlight relevant education, work experience, or achievements that demonstrate your ability to execute your business plan.
    • Tip: Detail your funding sources, including personal funds, investments, or grants, and explain how they will support your business operations in the UK.
    • Tip: Explain the benefits of launching your startup in the UK, such as market opportunities, access to resources, or supportive regulations.

    8. FAQs: UK Startup Visa Requirements

    1. Who Can Apply for the UK Start-Up Visa?

      The start-up visa route is open to both EU and non-EU citizens. Applicants can apply as individuals or teams. Moreover, the start-up route is for those setting up a business for the first time. Therefore, start-up migrants may need to work to support themselves while developing their business ideas. A migrant on start-up route in the UK can study, subject to the ATAS condition in Appendix ATAS.

    2. What are the English language requirements for a UK Startup Visa?

      To meet the English language requirements for a UK Startup Visa, applicants have two primary options. First, they can pass an approved English language test, such as IELTS, achieving a minimum level of B2 in reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Alternatively, applicants can hold a degree taught in English, which UK NARIC (the UK’s national agency for recognizing international qualifications) recognizes as equivalent to a UK bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, or PhD. It’s important to note that English language test results are valid for two years from the test date, so applicants should ensure their test results are still valid when submitting the visa application.

    3. What is the Duration of Start Up Visa UK?

      The duration of start-up visa is 2 years, minus the time already granted in Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) or startup category. If a person has already spent the maximum 2-year time as a start-up migrant, then need to switch from start-up to innovator or any other route.

    4. Is There Any Cap on Start-Up Visa UK?

      There is no cap on the startup visa route. The UK Government is actively promoting the startup visa route to attract talented entrepreneurs as it enhances the UK’s visa offer to leading international business talent and maintains UK position as a top destination for innovation and entrepreneurs. In the future, the British Government intends to expand coverage of the route to more sectors and businesses.

    5. Can I Bring My Dependents on A UK Startup Visa?

      Yes, you can bring your dependents with you to the UK on a Startup Visa. Dependents include your spouse, civil partner, unmarried partner, and children under the age of 18. Each dependent must submit their own visa application and pay the relevant fees. They must also meet the maintenance fund requirements to demonstrate they can support themselves financially while in the UK.

    6. What Are the Work Restrictions on a Startup Visa?

      As a UK Startup Visa holder, you are allowed to work for your own business, but you cannot take on additional employment outside of your endorsed business venture. You must dedicate your time to developing your business and not engage in other work that may hinder your progress.

    7. Can I extend my visa or switch to another visa category?

      The UK Startup Visa is valid for two years and cannot be extended. However, you can switch to an Innovator Visa if you meet the eligibility requirements, which include having an innovative business idea, receiving an endorsement from an approved body, and securing a minimum investment of £50,000. If you have a different visa type, such as a Tier 4 (General) student visa, you may be able to switch to a Startup Visa if you meet the eligibility requirements and obtain an endorsement from an approved body.

    8. What to do if the UK Start up visa is refused?

      After the Tier 1 start up visa application refusal an applicant can reapply or file an administrative review. Please note there is no right of appeal against the refusal of start-up visa. However, an applicant can file an immigration judicial review after an unsuccessful administrative review. If an applicant used false documents or misrepresented fact, then can get 10-year deception ban.

    For further information you may refer to Immigration Rules: Appendix Startup Visa