Refusal Reasons for Tourist and Family Visitor Visa UK
UK visitor visa refusal reasons on eligibility grounds may relate to:
- Doubtful Intentions
- Insufficient Funds
- Large Deposits in the Bank Statement
- The Purpose or Trip Itinerary is not Credible
- Limited or Doubtful Travel History
- Frequent Visits and Long Stays
- Doubts about an applicant’s activities in the UK
- Non-compliance with the UK Immigration Rules
- Failure to comply with the Immigration Laws of other countries
- Previous History of Deception of an Applicant’s Sponsor or Family Member(s)
- Discrepancies of Statements
- The ECO unable to Verify the Information
UK Visa Rejection Reasons on Suitability Grounds
In addition to the refusal on eligibility requirements, tourist or family visitor UK may get rejected on the following suitability grounds:
- Purpose Outside the Immigration Rules
- Applicant is subject to a deportation order
- Criminal Conviction
- Exclusion from the Refugee Convention
- Failure to Produce a Valid Passport
- Exclusion Order
- Deception Ban
- Previously Breached UK Immigration Laws
- Failure to Attend Interview
- Failure to give information in reasonable time
- Breached or Contrived Immigration Rules
- Failed to comply with conditions of stay
- No ability to return
- No written sponsor undertaking
- Child under eighteen, no written parental consent
- Non-Custodial Sentence
- Criminality, Persistent Offenders, Offending caused serious harm
- Applicant not conducive to public good
- Failure to pay NHS charges
- Litigation Debt
If a tourist or family visitor visa UK application is rejected on general suitability grounds, then ECO needs to provide the evidence.
*What happens next?
Multilingual qualified London based immigration specialists will get back to you, usually within 2-3 working days. If you have not attached any documents, then the UK based Law firm may ask for the relevant Case-Specific Document(s) such as Refusal Letters, Deportation Orders, Application Forms etc. Moreover, after reviewing the papers and information, the legal advisor may advise a course of action and quote the fees for processing the application.
Have a wonderful day!
How to Avoid UK Visa Rejection?
Applicant can avoid tourist or family visitor visa UK refusal by understanding the requirements of Appendix V for Visitors. Accordingly, applicants should properly document their visa application to establish their genuine intentions to visit the UK, ability to bear the trip cost, and strong ties in the home country to clearly show their willingness (intent) to return home at the end of the trip.
UK visa rejection due to discrepancies in the declarations, failure to attend interview or give information in reasonable time can easily be avoided. However, UK visa refusal due to the risk perception of an applicant’s home country is unavoidable. The country risk means the overall political, economic and security conditions of an applicant’s country of residence and the degree of non-compliance to Immigration Rules.
Is it possible to Appeal UK Visitor Visa Refusal?
After tourist or a family visitor visa UK refusal an applicant can reapply or file a judicial review. However, there is no right of appeal or administrative review against UK visitor visa rejection. Depending on the nature of the refusal reason, after the first UK visa refusal, reapplication is better option. However, after 2-3 rejections, one may file immigration judicial review.
If the tourist or family visitor visa UK application is refused due to false documents, then future applications are automatically refused up-to 10 years. However, one can challenge the 10-year deception ban by filing an immigration judicial review.
UK Visa Refused due to Doubtful Intentions
The rejection under paragraph V 4.2 (a) and (c) due to doubtful intentions is one of the common UK visa refusal reasons.
Tourist or family visitor visa UK may get refused due to doubtful intentions if applicants have weak ties in the home country. If an applicant has weak ties in the home country, then their intentions are doubtful i.e. they may live illegally in the UK and seek work or public funds.
To avoid tourist or family visitor visa UK refusal due to doubtful intentions applicants may provide evidence relating to:
- employment history or business credentials and stability
- net disposable income after tax
- financial savings and bank balance
- ownership of immovable assets
- marital status
- in case of a repeat visitor, the ECO also looks for changes in the circumstances of an applicant
- in case of a student visitor, their educational record
UK Visa Refused due to Insufficient Funds
The rejection under paragraph V 4.2 (e) due to insufficient funds is one of the common UK visa refusal reasons.
For a successful tourist or family visitor visa, applicants need to have sufficient funds for visiting the UK without recourse to public funds. To avoid tourist or family visitor visa UK refusal due to insufficient funds applicants may provide evidence relating to employment, business, income, and assets. An applicant may use sponsor’s documents to augment funds for the proposed visit to the UK.
There is no need to artificially augment the bank balance as it may create doubts about the origination of funds. Indeed, most applicants think that a high bank balance may enable them to get tourist or family visitor visa UK and they beef-up their bank statements with borrowed funds or undisclosed sources. However, these unexplained large deposits in bank statement create severe doubts about the overall credibility and intentions of the applicant.
UK Visa Rejected due to Bank Statement
The rejection under paragraph V 4.2 (e) due to unexplained large deposits in bank statement is one of the common UK visa refusal reasons. In fact, there could be several reasons for refusing tourist or family visitor visa UK due to bank statement such as:
- an inability to clearly explain the origination of large unexplained deposits in the bank statement
- the declared income or monthly salary does not reflect in the bank statement
- transactions not commensurate with an applicant’s declared source of income
- high number of debit and credit transactions with low average balance
- remarkably high account balance with no known or remote source of income
- transactions in the bank statement do not match with the income tax return
To avoid tourist or family visitor visa UK refusal due to unexplained large deposit in the bank statement applicants need to explain the origination of funds with relevant evidence.
The Purpose of Visiting the UK is not Credible
A tourist or family visitor visa is refused under paragraph V 4.2 (c) if the purpose of visiting the UK is not credible.
Immigration Officers scrutinises the reasons for visiting the UK. The reason for visiting the UK should correspond to an applicant’s background. For instance, family members such as parents applying to meet their child is a credible reason. Likewise, an avid traveller applying as a tourist is also a credible reason. However, an unemployed person with weak ties, intending to visit the UK for tourism is certainly not a credible reason.
To avoid tourist or family visitor visa UK refusal under paragraph V 4.2 (c) applicants may provide evidence such as:
- tour details
- trip itinerary
- flight details
- letter of invitation
- evidence of sponsor’s immigration status in the UK
UK Visa Refused due to Limited and Doubtful Travel History
Limited or no travel history may create doubts about the purpose and intentions of the applicant i.e. the applicant is not a genuine visitor and will seek illegal employment, asylum, or public funds in the UK. It is better not to apply for UK visitor visa on a fresh passport with no prior international travels.
Tourist or Family Visitor Visa Rejection due to Long Stays in the UK
A tourist or family visitor visa is refused under paragraph V 4.2 (b) due to long stays in the UK. For repeat visitors, long stays and frequent visits without obvious or compelling reasons (such a medical treatment) may indicate that they are not genuine visitors.
For repeat visitors, the Immigration Office checks the frequency and duration of stay to ascertain whether they are making the UK their main home. To assess the frequency and duration of stays in the UK, Immigration Officer may check:
- the purpose of visiting the British Isles
- the intended duration of stay stated in the application form and the actual duration of stay during the previous visits
- number and length of visits made during the preceding twelve (12) months
- the time elapsed since the last visit
- if an applicant spending more time in the United Kingdom than in their home country
- what is the purpose of the return journey to their home country? Is this nothing more than just to seek re-entry?
- the ties of an applicant to the home country such as tax registration, school going children etc.
- the information provided by the applicant in previous applications. For instance, if the previous family settlement application is refused and the applicant is merely intending to join the family in UK
A visitor can stay in the United Kingdom up to 180 days per visit. However, to avoid tourist or family visitor visa UK refusal under paragraph V 4.2 (b) applicants should not unnecessarily prolong the duration of stay in the UK.
Doubtful Activities in the UK
A tourist or family visitor visa is refused under paragraph V 4.2 (d) if there are doubts about activities in the UK i.e. the applicant may had undertaken prohibited activities (paragraph V 4.5 – V 4.10 of Appendix V) such as:
- full time or part-time employment
- working for any organisation or business
- establishing or operating a business as self-employed person
- internship or work placement
- selling goods or services directly to the public
- providing any type of goods and services or elsewhere during the stay in the United Kingdom
For rejecting a tourist or family visitor visa UK application under V 4.2 (d) the decision maker considers the personal circumstances such as age, marital status, employment or work status, and travel history of the applicant. Applicants with weak ties to the home country and doubtful travel history to the UK are likely to get a refusal under paragraph V 4.2 (d) of Appendix V for Visitors.
To avoid tourist or family visitor visa UK refusal under paragraph V 4.2 (d) applicants should not make frequent visits and extended stay in the UK.
Baggage Search at the Border
If an applicant’s baggage search at the border reveals possession of items demonstrating intentions to work or live in the UK then perhaps, a record of such an instance would undermine the credibility of any subsequent UK visitor visa applications.