UK Visitor Visa Refusal Reasons for Family, Business and Tourists

This relates to UK Standard Visitor Visa Refusal Reasons due to an inability of an Applicant to furnish a UK Visitor Visa Application in a requisite manner. Please note that irrespective of the personal credentials of an applicant, it is quite unlikely that a standard visitor visa could be granted without furnishing the requisite supporting documents with a family, business or a general tourist visitor visa application.

UK Standard Visitor Visa Refusal Reasons

UK Visitor Visa Refusal Reasons and ReapplicationsThe major reason for UK Visitor Visa Refusal in most of the cases is the lack of understanding of the immigration rules, therefore,  reasons stated in the Refusal Letter are consequences of lack of understanding of immigration rules coupled with a poorly documented visit visa application.

Lack of Understanding of the Immigration Rules

Perhaps the first and foremost reason of refusals is the lack of understanding of an applicant to submit a well-documented application as the burden of proof is on the applicant and the decision is always made on the balance of probability.

Therefore, if an applicant has not been able to submit an application with sufficient, relevant, clear and substantive evidence, then there is a little scope that an ECO will be able to grant a visitor visa. The aforesaid is applicable for not only those applicants with a limited travel history and means but also holds true for more affluent applicants i.e. applicants having had a rich travel history, frequent visits to the UK, above average income, strong social ties, etc. Visitor Visa is not a right but a privilege and the sole discretion of HM’s Government for which elaborate rules, procedures, practices, and precedents are quite well established, which has fine-tuned and improved over time. Accordingly, an ECO cannot grant a visa solely under the discretionary powers entrusted to him/her by HM’s Government, but the applicant needs to provide sufficient evidence as the burden of proof is on the applicant.

Burden of Proof

The Appendix V clearly states that a visit visa application is decided on the information furnished by an applicant. Therefore, the burden of proof is on the applicant and an applicant needs to furnish the requisite documentary evidence, which is evaluated during the assessment process for making a decision on the application.

Immigration Rules Appendix V

Applications are decided based on the information provided by the applicant and any other relevant circumstances at the date of decision.

Inability to Prove Credibility

An applicant’s credibility, as well as intentions, are examined by an Immigration Office for either visiting the United Kingdom or extending applicant’s stay. A visit visa initial or extension application is thoroughly checked to ascertain an applicant meets the requirements as stipulated in the Visitor Visa Rules. The visa is only granted if an Immigration Officer is satisfied that an applicant is a genuine visitor and the burden of proof is on the applicant to prove that he/she is a genuine visitor and will return to his/her home country after the journey.

Activities during Visiting the UK

Although a visitor can undertake a multitude of activities during his/her stay in the UK; however, the applicant needs to clearly inform in the visit visa application the main reason for either visiting the UK in the initial application or extending his/her stay in the UK.

Applicant to Submit Conclusive Evidence

Accordingly, an applicant is liable to give clear, concrete and conclusive evidence so as to satisfy the immigration officer that he/she meets the visit visa rules for either visiting the UK or extending his/her stay in the UK.

Once the requisite evidence is submitted with a visitor visa application, then all the information provided by the applicant is assessed by an Entry Clearance Officer (ECO), along with any other evidence that may be deemed appropriate and is relevant to the facts of the application.

Mandatory and Discretionary Suitability

An application is assessed keeping in view all the relevant factors. Therefore, if an application fails to satisfy either one or more than one mandatory suitability grounds, then the application is prone to be refused without any assessment on suitability grounds, even if the applicant meets the visitor eligibility requirements.

If an applicant fulfils the requirements of mandatory suitability, then the ECO can decide an applicant’s eligibility i.e. either to grant a visitor visa or to refuse the application on discretionary suitability grounds.

Insufficient Evidence

If the applicant is not able to provide sufficient evidence to satisfy the evaluating officer that he/she meets the necessary requirements for the grant of a visitor visa, then the application will be refused.

The reasons for refusal mentioned in the Refusal Letter are usually specific and relevant as in a great majority of the applications, the applicants are not able to furnish an application in the light of the relevant immigration rules. Therefore, rather than blaming anybody else, the applicants are advised to read and understand the applicable immigration rules, along with the corresponding implications of not fulfilling the requirement of submitting a well documented and meaningful application for the consideration of BHC/ECO.

Error in Assessment by the Entry Clearance Officer (ECO)

It is quite human to make mistakes, and an ECO is also prone to making mistakes and an error of judgement. If an applicant thinks that an ECO has made a glaring mistake in his/her judgement then an applicant may either reapply by addressing the mistake(s) made by an ECO in the assessment of the previous application or preferably file an appeal against an appealable refusal, otherwise go for a  judicial review, even for refusals with a ‘no right of appeal‘ and ‘limited right of appeal‘.

Here is it important to point out that most of the applications are not refused due to the error of judgement and mistakes on the part of an ECO, but due to an unsubstantive application. If an application does not satisfy the requirements of the immigration rules, then an ECO cannot grant a visa. So, there is no point of submitting a poorly documented application again and again as it is unlikely to procure a visa successfully rather it will reduce the chances of getting a visa over time.

Recourse to Public Funds

An applicant in the past has accessed public funds in the UK. Such applicants need to provide the factual details of utilisation of the public funds, along with the relevant evidence establishing the reasons as to why there will be no need of resorting to public funds if they are granted a visitor visa.

Limited Travel History

Applicants having limited immigration history can provide other types of evidence such as availability of funds, business details and family ties so as to substantiate their application. It is not necessary to be a frequent traveller to get a UK Visitor Visa;

Documents Not Verified

At times the submitted evidence cannot be verified properly, therefore, an application is refused due to Fake/False Documents and Statements. Therefore, an applicant should have some degree of confidence on the verifiability of the documents before submitting them with the visit visa application.

Sundry Reasons

The list of UK Visitor Visa Refusal Reasons could be quite long such as:

  • Income not reflecting in the bank statement;
  • Weak Ties in the home country;
  • No clear agenda for visiting the UK;
  • Frequent visits and long stays in the UK;
  • Not ample savings – annual savings are not sufficient to justify a trip/luxury of visiting the UK.

Since the application is decided on a balance of probabilities, therefore, the applicant should be focused on increasing the balance of probabilities by properly substantiating his/her visit visa application by adopting a realist, fact of the matter approach.

Back to Top | UK Visitor Visa Refusal Reasons


Related Posts on UK Visitor Visa Blog:

  1. UK Visit Visa Solicitors for Applications, Reapply, Refusals, JRs
  2. Standard Visitor Visa UK
  3. Parent of Tier 4 Child Visa
  4. Marriage Visitor Visa UK
  5. Permitted Paid Engagement Visitor Visa
  6. UK Visit Visa Extension- Can I Extend My UK Visitor Visa?
  7. Proof of Ties to Home Country UK Visa
  8. UK Visa Document Requirements | UK Visitor Visa Checklist
  9. Add’l Supporting Documents for Specific Type of UK Visitor Visas
  10. UK Visitor Visa Assessment, Requirements and Refusal Reasons
  11. Long-Term Visit Visa UK Multiple Entry Visa Rules
  12. UK Sponsor Documents | UK Visitor Visa Funds Requirements
  13. UK Family Visitor Visa | UK Tourist Visitor Visa General Guidance
  14. UK Business Visitor Visa Requirements: Permitted Activities
  15. Can I Study in the UK on a Visitor Visa?
  16. UK Medical Treatment Visa Requirements | Permitted Activities
  17. Long-Term Private Medical Treatment Visitor Visa UK
  18. UK Child Visitor Visa Application for Children Under 16 Years
  19. UK Visit Visa 2018 | How hard is it to get a Standard Visa?
  20. UK Visitor Visa | Can I Switch a Visitor Visa to a Work Visa?
  21. Applying for UK Visitor Visa after Tier 4 Student Visa
  22. Business Visitor Visa UK Requirements | UK C Visit Business Visa
  23. Suitability of UK Visitor Visa | Visa Cancellation UK

Back to Top | UK Visitor Visa Refusal Reasons