Immigration Specialists London

Turkish Worker Visa UK 2024 remains a pivotal route for Turkish nationals seeking employment in the UK. This comprehensive guide outlines the eligibility requirements, application procedures, and the rights and limitations for holders of this visa. It also provides insights into the significant post-Brexit changes impacting this visa category, ensuring applicants are well-versed with the latest UK immigration policies. Our goal is to offer clarity and assist Turkish workers in effectively navigating the UK immigration system in 2024.

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Turkish Worker Visa UK

1. Introduction to the Turkish Worker Visa


The European Community Association Agreement (ECAA), sometimes referred to as the Ankara Agreement, was established between Turkey and the European Economic Community (EEC) back in 1963. Its main objective was to bolster trade and economic relations between the parties, laying the groundwork for Turkey’s eventual accession to the EEC. Over time, its scope has expanded, covering a multitude of areas including the rights of Turkish nationals to establish themselves as workers or in a business in member states of the EEC, which includes the UK.

What is Turkish Worker Visa Route?

The Turkish Worker Visa is a product of the ECAA, specifically designed to facilitate the rights of Turkish nationals who wish to work in the UK. Unlike other work visas, this category takes into account the special relationship between Turkey and the UK, established through the Ankara Agreement. It is tailored for Turkish nationals who have been legally employed in the UK for a certain period, enabling them to extend their stay and enjoy more freedoms in their employment. Over the years, this visa has served as a unique bridge, connecting the rich tapestry of Turkish culture and skills with the diverse UK workforce.

2. Eligibility Criteria for the Turkish Worker Visa


To qualify for the Turkish Worker Visa, the foremost requirement is that the applicant must have been legally employed in the UK. This means they must have held a valid work permit or visa that authorized them to take up employment. The nature of employment should be genuine, meaning that the individual should have been engaged in legitimate work activities for a UK-based employer. Any breach of employment conditions, illegal work, or discrepancies in this regard can make the applicant ineligible.

The length of employment plays a crucial role in determining the extent of rights a Turkish Worker can claim under this visa route:

  • 1 year of legal employment: Allows the individual to change employers within the same occupation.
  • 3 years of legal employment: Provides the flexibility to change jobs but within the same line of work or sector.
  • 4 years of legal employment: Grants the worker the freedom to take up any type of employment with any employer in the UK.

It’s worth noting that these durations are cumulative and do not need to be with a single employer. However, any gaps in employment might affect the continuous count required for the application. As always, keeping a comprehensive record of employment, including contracts, payslips, and other relevant documents, is crucial for a smooth application process.

3. Rights and Limitations of the Turkish Worker Visa Holders


The Turkish Worker Visa does not grant indefinite leave to remain in the UK. Instead, its duration correlates with the period of legal employment the applicant has had in the country. Here’s a breakdown:

  • 1 year of legal employment: Grants a visa extension that allows the individual to continue working in the same job or switch jobs but remain within the same profession.
  • 3 years of legal employment: The visa extension at this stage permits the holder to change jobs within their line of work or sector.
  • 4 years of legal employment: At this juncture, the worker obtains an extension that provides more freedom in terms of employment, allowing them to engage in any type of job with any UK employer.

It’s essential to recognize that while the Turkish Worker Visa offers pathways to extended stay based on employment duration, it does not automatically lead to permanent residency or British citizenship. Applicants should renew their visa accordingly and ensure they remain compliant with the visa terms.

While the Turkish Worker Visa provides specific rights tailored for Turkish nationals, it’s not an isolated route. Visa holders might consider transitioning to other visa categories if they meet the eligibility criteria. Some potential transitions include:

  • Skilled Worker Visa: If a Turkish worker secures a suitable job offer from a UK employer with a valid sponsorship license, they can transition to the Skilled Worker Visa. This route could lead to permanent residency after a specified duration.
  • Business Visas (Start-up, Innovator, etc.): Turkish nationals with entrepreneurial aspirations or innovative business ideas might consider switching to a business visa if they meet the requirements.
  • Settlement: After a certain period of continuous and legal residence in the UK, Turkish workers might be eligible for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR), which is a step closer to British citizenship. However, the transition from the Turkish Worker Visa to ILR requires careful planning and adherence to specific criteria.

It’s always advisable for Turkish Worker Visa holders to consult with an immigration expert if considering a transition, as each visa category has its own set of criteria, rights, and restrictions.

4. Step-by-Step Application Guide for the Turkish Worker Visa


Applying for the Turkish Worker Visa necessitates the submission of certain critical documents to ensure your application is considered. Here’s a general list of required documentation:

  • Proof of Identity: A valid passport or travel document.
  • Proof of Employment: This can be in the form of payslips, employment contracts, or an employer’s letter confirming the period of employment.
  • Proof of Continuous Residence: Documents that show you have been living in the UK, such as utility bills, bank statements, or rental agreements.
  • Passport-sized Photographs: Ensure these are in the required format and of good quality.
  • Historical Employment Evidence: This may include past employment contracts, payment slips, or any other relevant evidence to show your employment history in the UK.
  • English Language Requirement (if applicable): While this might not be necessary for the Turkish Worker Visa, it’s always good to check the current guidelines.
  • Application Fee: Ensure you know the current fee for the visa and have means to pay it.

Always remember that this is not an exhaustive list, and requirements may vary based on individual circumstances. It’s crucial to check the most updated list from the UK Government’s official website or consult an immigration specialist.

Once you’ve submitted your application for the Turkish Worker Visa, expect a waiting period while it’s under review. On average, it takes about 6 months from the date of your appointment. This duration can vary depending on the volume of applications, so it’s wise to apply well in advance of your intended employment start date or visa expiration.

Bear in mind that any missing documents or mistakes in your application can lead to delays. Ensure you double-check all requirements and consider seeking guidance from professionals to streamline the process.

5. Turkish Worker vs Businessperson Visa Comparison


The UK’s provision for Turkish nationals, in light of the European Community Association Agreement (ECAA) with Turkey, bifurcates into the Turkish Worker Visa and the Turkish Businessperson Visa. While both categories allow Turkish citizens certain rights to work or do business in the UK, they have distinct criteria and privileges. Let’s delve into their core differences.

  • Turkish Worker Visa: This visa is explicitly designed for Turkish nationals who have been legally employed in the UK for at least one year. The primary objective is to allow these workers to extend their stay in the country and continue their employment.
  • Turkish Businessperson Visa: On the other hand, this visa is tailored for Turkish nationals intending to either establish a new business in the UK or come to the country to help run an already established business. It’s particularly relevant for entrepreneurs and business-minded individuals.
  • Turkish Worker Visa: Eligibility is heavily reliant on the applicant’s duration of legal employment in the UK. They must have been legally employed for a specified period, with longer durations offering more extended visa rights.
  • Turkish Businessperson Visa: Applicants should demonstrate genuine intent to set up a viable business. They must prove sufficient resources without the need for public funds, and the business must be able to support the applicant and their dependents.
  • Turkish Worker Visa: The visa’s length depends on the duration of the applicant’s legal employment in the UK. For instance, those employed for 3-4 years might secure different rights compared to those employed for 5+ years.
  • Turkish Businessperson Visa: Initially granted for 12 months, extensions are possible provided the business remains viable and meets the requirements set forth by the UK immigration authorities.
  • Turkish Worker Visa: Turkish workers can transition to ILR after a certain number of years, depending on their employment duration and the specific rights they’ve been granted under the ECAA.
  • Turkish Businessperson Visa: Businesspersons can apply for ILR after five continuous and lawful years in the UK, provided they still meet the criteria for their business activities.
  • Turkish Worker Visa: Dependents may have the right to accompany the main visa holder, but this often hinges on the duration of the worker’s legal employment.
  • Turkish Businessperson Visa: Dependents (spouse/civil partner and children under 18) can accompany the main visa holder and have rights to work or study in the UK.

It’s vital to appreciate that both these visas cater to different objectives and carry unique requirements and benefits. As with any visa category, it’s essential to remain informed about any updates or changes in immigration policies and consult immigration experts when in doubt.

6. Post-Brexit Changes Affecting the Turkish Worker Visa


The UK’s exit from the European Union, commonly known as Brexit, has led to a myriad of changes in the country’s immigration landscape. Given that the European Community Association Agreement (ECAA) was established to strengthen ties between Turkey and the European Economic Community (EEC), Brexit’s implications for Turkish nationals seeking to work or do business in the UK naturally come into question.

Impact on the ECAA Visa Framework:

  1. Status of the Agreement: The UK left the EU on January 31, 2020. However, the rights of Turkish nationals under the ECAA remain protected until December 31, 2020, due to the Brexit transition period. Post-transition, the UK is not bound by the ECAA.
  2. New Applications: Post-transition, Turkish nationals applying for the first time are required to meet the rules of the UK’s new points-based immigration system, similar to non-EU citizens.
  3. Existing Visa Holders: Turkish nationals who already held an ECAA visa before the end of the transition period can apply for extensions and settlement under the pre-existing ECAA rules.
  4. Future Changes: As with all immigration policies, the specifics can evolve. It’s always advisable for potential applicants and current visa holders to keep abreast of the latest updates, either through the UK government’s official channels or through trusted immigration consultants.

7. Conclusion: Key Takeaways about the Turkish Worker Visa


The UK’s Turkish Worker Visa, established under the umbrella of the European Community Association Agreement (ECAA) with Turkey, is a testament to the longstanding relationship and mutual interests between the two regions. For Turkish nationals, this visa represents an avenue to extend their stay in the UK, capitalizing on their existing employment and fostering a deeper connection with the country.

Beyond mere immigration mechanics, it underscores the UK’s commitment to recognizing and valuing the contributions of Turkish workers to its socio-economic fabric. This visa serves not just as a route to employment continuity, but as a bridge fostering cross-cultural exchanges, economic collaboration, and shared growth.

For those eligible and considering extending their journey in the UK, the Turkish Worker Visa is more than just paperwork; it’s an opportunity to further root oneself in the diverse and vibrant UK community. As always, staying informed and seeking expert advice ensures a smooth and successful immigration journey.

8. FAQs on the UK’s Turkish Worker Visa


  1. What is the ECAA with Turkey?

    The European Community Association Agreement (ECAA) enhances economic relations between the European Economic Community (EEC) and Turkey, including specific work provisions for Turkish nationals in EEC member states.

  2. How long can I stay in the UK on a Turkish Worker Visa?

    Stay duration varies based on your employment period in the UK, with possibilities to extend after each year of legal employment.

  3. Can I bring my family with me on this visa?

    Yes, spouses, civil partners, and children under 21 can join you in the UK as dependents.

  4. Difference between Turkish Worker Visa and Turkish Businessperson Visa?

    The Turkish Worker Visa is for employed Turkish nationals in the UK, while the Businessperson Visa is for those starting or running a business in the UK.

  5. Is there a pathway to permanent residency through the Turkish Worker Visa?

    You may become eligible for indefinite leave to remain after continuous residence, potentially leading to British citizenship.

  6. Can I switch employers on the Turkish Worker Visa?

    Initially, you may be limited to one employer, but you can switch employers in the same sector after a set period.

  7. Are there English language requirements for the Turkish Worker Visa?

    No initial English requirements, but future visa changes or residency applications may require English proficiency.

  8. How long is the Turkish Worker Visa application process?

    Processing times vary, often taking a few weeks to months. Always check current times on the UK government website.

  9. How can a Turkish person work in the UK?

    Turkish nationals can work through ECAA routes (Turkish Worker Visa for those legally employed in the UK, Turkish Businessperson Visa for entrepreneurs) or general UK work visas (Skilled Worker Visa, T5 Temporary Worker Visa, Health and Care Worker Visa).

  10. Do Turkish nationals need a visa to work in the UK?

    Yes, Turkish nationals require a work visa, either under ECAA provisions or general UK work visa categories.

  11. Do Turkish nationals need a visa for the UK?

    Yes, Turkish nationals need a visa for any UK visit, including tourism, business, work, or study. They cannot enter without a valid visa.

This FAQ section provides concise answers to common questions. However, always refer to official sources or consult with professionals for more detailed and personalized advice. For further information and updates please refer to Gov.UK Turkish Worker Visa.