Why UK Visitor Visa Cancelled (at the Airport)?

A person can only visit the UK under certain restrictions. Therefore, if a visitor fails to abide by these restrictions, then their UK visa (or leave to remain) can be cancelled (or curtailed). Accordingly, this post explains UK visa cancellation by Home Office in the light of permitted and prohibited activities under Part V9 of Appendix V, Immigration Rules. Please note, if UK visitor or tourist visa is cancelled at the airport, then this may lead to re-entry ban. Visa cancellation at the airport may be due to long and frequent stays in the UK or doing prohibited activities during the preceding visit.

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UK Visitor Visa Cancelled at the airport

Why UK Visitor Visa Cancelled (at the airport)?

UK visa may be cancelled at the airport (or leave to remain curtailed) if there are doubts that the visitor will:

  1. not undertake any permitted activity
  2. marry or form a civil partnership and does not have a marriage visitor visa for the purpose
  3. work, volunteer, or study other than as permitted under the Immigration Rules for visitors
  4. settle in the UK as a spouse/partner of a British citizen or that of a settled person

If there is a political conflict or social unrest in the visitor’s home country, then there may be some doubts that a visitor may not leave the UK at the end of the visit. In such instances, Home Office may cancel UK visitor visa at the airport.

Permitted Activities for Visitors in the UK

A visitor or tourist on a standard visa can undertake following permitted activities in the UK:

  1. Tourism and leisure
  2. Volunteering
  3. Private medical treatment
  4. Transit the UK
  5. Permitted Business Activities
  6. Conversion of a civil partnership to marriage
  7. Study a short term course
  8. Participate in an exchange program
  9. Educational visit

A person requires a marriage visitor visa to get married or form a civil partnership or give notice of marriage (civil partnership) in the UK.

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UK Visitor Visa Cancelled

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    UK Visitor Visa Cancelled due to Prohibited Activities

    In terms of Appendix V of the Immigration Rules, the UK visa is cancelled if the visitor:

    1. does paid or unpaid work
    2. gets employment
    3. receives payments – except as permitted by paragraph V4.7 of Appendix V
    4. studies – except as permitted by paragraph 25 of Appendix 3
    5. undergoes medical treatment other than private medical treatment or to donate an organ
    6. gets married or form civil partnership – except where the visitor has a visit visa endorsed for marriage or civil partnership
    7. gives notice of marriage or civil partnership
    8. lives for prolonged periods of time through frequent visits

    Therefore, if there are doubts about the purpose and activities then the UK visitor visa is cancelled.

    UK Visitor Visa Cancelled under Part V9.1 of Appendix V

    In terms of paragraph V 9.1 of Appendix V, Immigration Rules, Home Office can cancel UK visitor visa due to:

    • Change of circumstances of the applicant
    • Change of purpose of visiting the UK
    • False information or failure to disclose material facts
    • Medical reasons
    • The visitor is not conducive to the public good in the UK
    • Failure to supply information
    • Curtailment due to
      • false information or failure to disclose a material fact
      • failure to meet requirements of the immigration rules
      • failure to comply with conditions
      • Not conducive to the public good

    UK Visitor Visa Cancelled under V9.4-V9.12 Appendix V

    The Paragraphs V9.4 – V9.12 of Appendix V for visitor provides a list of other circumstances that may necessitate cancelling or curtailing a leave to enter or remain. For instance, if a visitor has submitted false documents, made false representations, not disclosed material facts then UK visitor visa is cancelled at the airport or leave to remain is curtailed with a re-entry or deception ban.

    Change of Purpose of Visiting the UK

    A visitor can enter or extend the visit to do different permitted activities. However, the main reason(s) for travelling must be visiting. Accordingly, when a visitor holds a long-term visa then it is quite natural that the reason for visiting may differ over time. This is permissible, provided the applicant continues to undertake one or more permitted activities. Therefore, it is not a sufficient reason to cancel UK visitor visa at the airport due to a change in the declared permitted activity.

    It is also possible that a visitor may not be able to do permitted activity in the UK for which they have applied the visa. For instance, a person intended to take part in a sporting event, which is cancelled, and now the visitor is coming to UK for holidays. Since visitors are allowed to do permitted activities in the UK, therefore, the visa will not be cancelled at the airport due to change of purpose.

    Family Visitor Visa UK Cancellation

    A visitor can stay in the UK for up to 180 days per visit. However, most of the visitors only stays with family members for a short duration such as 3-4 week. Therefore, if a person is making long and frequent visits to the UK without any visible reason then this may lead to visitor visa cancellation at the airport.

    UK Visitor Visa Cancelled Due to Work

    A visitor is not allowed to do voluntary work. For instance, if a visitor is doing voluntary work with a charity in the UK, then this may lead to visa cancellation.

    A visiting family member can look after a child only for a short duration. However, the visiting family member should not get employed as a childminder.

    Immigration Rules allows visitors to do “volunteering” with a registered charity for up to 30 days. However, volunteering must not be the main purpose of visiting the UK. If a person intends to travel to the UK for volunteering or voluntary work, then may apply for charity worker visa.

    Nevertheless, a visitor can do work related permitted activities such as:

    1. General Business Activities: attending meetings, conferences, seminars, interviews, negotiating contracts, signing deals, attending trade fairs, undertaking site visits and inspection etc. Moreover, a visitor can also deliver non-commercial talks and speeches
    2. Business corporate activities: relating to the prospective entrepreneur for startup and innovator visa under Appendix W, manufacturing and supply of goods, clients of UK export companies etc.
    3. Sector-specific permitted business activities for science, research, academia, legal, religion, creative and sport
    4. Business – overseas roles requiring specific activities
    5. Work-related training

    Moreover, an artist, entertainer or musician can perform at permit-free festivals and can receive payment for performance.

    Repeat Study Visits

    Visitors can study a recreation course in the UK, which does not lead to formal education, for a maximum period of 30 days. For instance, a recreational course relating to horse riding or dancing.

    A visitor cannot make frequent or repeat visits to complete a long term study course. Therefore, UK visitor visa may get cancelled at the airport if a person is making repeat visits for study. However, long-term visitor visa holders can:

    1. visit solely to study a non-recreation course up-to 30 days
    2. study a recreational course for more than 30-days per visit at an accredited institution
    3. visit up to 30 days for studying a course such as a distance learning course, which is longer than 30 days

    These exceptions do not apply to holders of single-entry visas and non-visa nationals. However, the main purpose of a long-term visa holder should continue to undertake permitted activities. Accordingly, the time spent studying must not exceed the time spent carrying out other permitted activities. If the successive visits are not for permitted activities, then this may lead to cancellation of the long term visitor visa at the airport.