ILR, Leave to Remain, British Citizenship, Naturalisation Fees

This relates to the latest Home Office Fees 2020/21 effective from Jan 31, 2021, for Immigration and Nationality Charges. The indefinite leave to remain (ILR), leave to remain, British Citizenship, Naturalisation, Work, Student, Sponsorship and Premium (Priority) Visa Service application fees will remain the same after Jan 31, 2021. The ILR same day fees 2020/21 for indefinite leave to remain applications will also remain at £3,189.

Please note, the Home Office revises Nationality and Immigration charges once every year. In fact, the charges are payable under section 68 and 69 of the Immigration Act 2014. The UKVI also offers some user-pay premium services for which applicants needs to pay additional charges. The charges depend on the type of application and service. Accordingly, the Home Office fees can be as low as £475 for leave to remain applications for a student. However, the Home Office Immigration and Nationality Charges can be as high as £2,389 for an indefinite leave to remain (ILR) application.

1. ILR 2. LTR 3. Student 4. Citizenship 5. Work 6. Premium Services 7. Sponsorship 8. Hidden Cost

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1. ILR

Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) Fees 2020/21

There will be no increase in the Home Office indefinite leave to remain (ILR) application fees from Jan 31, 2021. Accordingly, the ILR fees will remain at £2,389. Please note, the ILR fees are applicable for all types of indefinite leave to remain applications. For instance, the indefinite leave to remain (ILR) Fees for PBS Tier 1 investor, Tier 1 Entrepreneur or Settlement under the Family Route are same i.e. £2,389 per application. Table No. 1

Same Day Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) Fees 2020/21

The Home Office Fees for the same day (24 hours) processing of Indefinite leave to remain (ILR) or no time limit (NTL) applications are £3,189/- i.e. application fees £2,389/- plus the cost of super-priority visa service £800.

2. Leave to Remain

Home Office Fees 2020/21

There will be no change in the leave to remain fees from Jan 31, 2021. Accordingly, the leave to remain application fees will remain at £1,033. Moreover, the leave to remain fees with priority (5-day) and same day super-priority service are £1,533 and £1,833/-, respectively.

Please note, the leave to remain application charges of £1,033 are not applicable for all types of switching and extension applications. For instance, the leave to remain fees for Tier 1 Investor and Entrepreneur are £1,623 and £1,277, respectively. However, the leave to remain fees for spouse visa application are £1,033.

Exceptional Assurance

A foreign national in the UK needs to take all necessary steps to leave if it is possible to do so or apply to regularise stay. If a person intends to leave the UK but is not able to do so due to Covid-19 and the leave to remain is expiring between 1 January 2021 and 28 February 2021 then can request additional time to stay, which is known as ‘exceptional assurance’. Although, there is no Home Office fee for the exceptional assurance, i.e. leave to remain (extension), due to coronavirus (Covid-19) restrictions, however, a person needs to attach evidence to show: why they are not able to leave the UK?

3. Students

Home Office Student Visa Fees 2020/21

Home Office Fees for student (main applicant and dependants) and child student leave to remain and extension visa will remain at £475. The visa fees for students with 5-day priority and same-day premium service will also remain at £975 and £1,275, respectively.

4. Citizenship

British Citizenship Fees 2020/21

There will be no increase in the British citizenship fees from Jan 31, 2021. The British Citizenship Fees for adults will remain at £1,206, inclusive of £80 charges for Citizenship Ceremony. If an application is unsuccessful or withdrawn, then the British Citizenship fees are refunded after deducting £25 administrative charges. Table No. 2

Child Registration Fees 2020/21

Indeed, despite all the criticism and legal hearing, the British Citizenship Fees after Jan 31, 2021, for Child Registration will remain at £1,012. If a minor turn eighteen during the application process, then needs to pay £80 fees for British citizenship ceremony at the point of decision.

The Project for the Registration of Children as British Citizens (PRCBC) argues the “exorbitant” £1,012 registration fee, for an application which costs the Home Office just £372 to process, is unlawfully high.
The Guardian

British Overseas Citizens

After Jan 31, 2021, the nationality registration fee for British overseas citizens will remain at £901. The British nationality registration charges for children will continue to remain at £810.

UK Naturalisation Fees 2020/21

There will be no increase in the British Naturalisation Fees from Jan 31, 2021. Accordingly, the British Naturalisation fees will remain at £1,330, inclusive of the citizenship ceremony fee of £80. The Naturalisation fees for British overseas territory citizens will remain at £1,000. If an application is unsuccessful or withdrawn, then Home Office refunds the Naturalisation Fees after deducting £25 administrative charges.

5. Work

Home Office Work Visa Fees 2020/21

There will be no changes in the Home Office work visa fees from Jan 31, 2021. For details, please refer to Table No. 3.

Please note, the innovator, start-up, and global talent visa has replaced the Tier 1 Entrepreneur, Graduate Entrepreneur and Tier 1 Exceptional Talent, respectively. Moreover, Skilled Worker, Intra Company Transfer, T2 Sportsperson, T2 Minister of Religion and T5 Temporary Worker visa has replaced the Tier 2 GeneralTier 2 Intra-company Transfer (ICT)Tier 2 SportspersonTier 2 Minister of Religion and Tier 5 Temporary Worker visa, respectively.

A Council of Europe Social Charter (CESC) discount of £55 applies for main applicants under the following routes:

  1. Innovator
  2. Start-up
  3. Global Talent initial application
  4. Global Talent subsequent application
  5. Tier 1 Entrepreneur
  6. Skilled Worker
  7. Intra-Company Transfer, T2 Sportsperson & T2 Minister of Religion
  8. Intra-Company Transfer – Graduate Trainee
  9. T5 (Temporary Worker)

6. Services and Other Visas

Optional Premium and Priority Services

From Jan 31, 2021, there will be no increase in the Home Office Fees for optional premium and priority services from inside the UK. Therefore, the Home Office fees for 5-day priority and 24-hour super priority (premium service) for expediting leave to remain and ILR applications will remain at £500 and £800, respectively. Please note, the priority and premium services are only recommended for a straightforward application and do not affect the outcome of the decision.

For further details please refer to Table No. 4 and Table No. 5

7. Sponsorship

Home Office Fees for Sponsorship

There will be no increase in the Home Office Fees for Sponsorship from Jan 31, 2021. The Home Office Fees for Premium Sponsor Service for large, small and student sponsors, will remain at £25K, £8K and £8K, respectively. Applicants can expedite the processing of sponsor licence applications by paying £500 for the Priority Service. Table No. 6

Home Office Visa and Immigration Fees 2020

Immigration Services

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Home Office Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) Fee 2020/21

Table No. 1: ILR and Leave to Remain Fees 2020/21

Application TypeFees
Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) Fee Main Applicants and Dependants£2,389
Same Day ILR Application Fees£3,189
Leave to Remain Application Fee£1,033
Leave to Remain 5-Day Priority Application Fees£1,533
24-Hours Super-Priority (Premium) Leave to Remain Fees£1,833

Table No. 2: Naturalisation and British Citizenship Fees 2020/21

Application TypeFees
Naturalisation (inclusive of citizenship ceremony fee of £80)£1,330
Naturalisation British overseas territory citizens£1,000
Nationality registration as a British Citizen - Adult (inclusive of citizenship ceremony fee of £80)£1,206
Nationality registration as a British Citizen - Child (Additional £80 per applicant is required to cover the ceremony fee should the minor turn 18 during the application process)£1,012
The arrangement of a citizenship ceremony (including the administration of a citizenship oath and pledge at the ceremony).£80
The administration of a citizenship oath, or oath and pledge where the oath, or oath and pledge, are not administered at a citizenship ceremony or by a justice of the peace.£5
Nationality registration - British overseas territory citizen, British overseas citizens, British Subjects, British protected persons - adult£901
Nationality registration - British overseas territory citizen, British overseas citizens, British Subjects, British protected persons - child£810
Renunciation of nationality£372
Certificate of entitlement - (right of abode)£372
Nationality review£372
Status letter£250
Non-acquisition letter£250
Nationality correction to certificate£250
Nationality - supply of a certified copy of a notice, certificate, order, or declaration£250

Table No. 3: Home Office Work Visa Fees UK 2020/21

Application TypeFees
Innovator - main applicant and dependants£1,277
Start-up - main applicant and dependants£493
Approval letter from a competent body in respect of an initial application for Global Talent£456
Global Talent - initial application£152
Global Talent - extension£608
Global Talent - dependant£608
High Value Migrants
Tier 1 (Exceptional Talent) - dependants only£608
Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) - main applicant and dependants£1,277
Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) - dependants only£493
Tier 1 (Investor) - main applicant and dependants£1,623
Skilled Worker
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for three years or less - main applicant and dependants£704
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for over three years - main applicant and dependants£1,408
Skilled Worker, Shortage Occupation
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for three years or less - main applicant and dependants£464
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for over three years - main applicant and dependants£928
Skilled Worker - Health and Care Visa
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for three years or less - main applicant and dependants£232
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for over three years - main applicant and dependants£464
Skilled Worker - Shortage Occupation - Health and Care Visa
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for three years or less - main applicant and dependants£232
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for over three years - main applicant and dependants£464
Intra-Company Transfer, T2 Sportsperson & T2 Minister of Religion
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for three years or less - main applicant and dependants£704
where a certificate of sponsorship has been issued for over three years - main applicant and dependants£1,408
Intra-Company Transfer - Graduate Trainee - main applicant and dependants£482
T5 (Temporary Worker)
Seasonal Worker, Religious Worker, Charity Worker, Creative and Sporting Worker, International Agreement Worker, Government Authorised Exchange Worker - main applicant and dependants£244

Table No. 4: Home Office Premium Service Fees 2020/21

ServicesCharges
Super Priority service£800
Expedited processing - Priority service£500
On-Demand service (Mobile Biometric Enrolment) (per hour per representative of the contractor providing the service)£650
The provision of an immigration officer to deliver any premium service, to a Government Department, relating to entry into or transit through the United Kingdom£57.33
The provision of an immigration officer to deliver any premium service, relating to entry into or transit through the United Kingdom£77.40
Premium status checks and advice - Administrative Officer* (per minute)£0.80
Premium status checks, advice, or training - Executive Officer* (inside office hours) (per minute)£0.88
Premium status checks, advice, or training - Executive Officer* (outside office hours) (per minute)£1.10
Premium status checks, advice, or training - Higher Executive Officer* (inside office hours) (per minute)£0.97
Premium status checks, advice, or training - Higher Executive Officer* (outside office hours) (per minute)£1.23

*Please note: Administrative Officer, Executive Officer and Higher Executive Officer are Civil Service staff grades

Table No. 5: Home Office Other Visas and Services Fee 2020/21

TypeCharges
Visitor Extension - main applicant and dependants£993
Leave to enter for persons in the UK who are liable to immigration detention£1,033
Hong Kong British National (Overseas) for 30 months£180
Hong Kong British National (Overseas) for 5 years£250
Retired person of independent means£1,949
Representative of an overseas business - main applicant and dependants£704
Processing an application which is subsequently rejected as invalid£25
Biometric enrolment£19.20
Transfer of Conditions (TOC) or Application for a document confirming identity and immigration or nationality status - limited leave to remain£161
TOC or Application for a document confirming identity and immigration or nationality status - indefinite leave to remain£229
Replacement Biometric residence card (issued under the EU Settlement Scheme)£56
Replacement Biometric residence permit (BRP) / replacement BRP£56
Certificate of travel - adult£280
Certificate of travel - child£141
Convention travel document - adult£75
Convention travel document - child£49
European residence document (registration certificate, document certifying permanent residence, residence card, accession resident card, derivative residence card, permanent residence card)£65
Administrative Review£80
Life in the UK test£50

Table No. 6: Home Office Fees for Sponsorship 2020/21

TypeCharges
Premium Sponsor Service (12 months)
Worker sponsor and Temporary worker sponsor – large sponsors£25,000
Worker sponsor and Temporary worker sponsor – small sponsors£8,000
Student sponsors£8,000
Expedited Processing
The expedited processing of a sponsorship management request made by a Worker sponsor or Temporary worker sponsor£200
Priority service for expedited processing of sponsor licence applications£500
Licences
Worker sponsor licence and Temporary Worker sponsor licence - large sponsor£1,476
Worker sponsor licence (small sponsor)£536
Student sponsor licence£536
Temporary Worker sponsor licence£536
Worker sponsor licence (large sponsor), (where sponsor currently holds a Temporary Worker and/or Student Sponsor Licence)£940
Other Services
Student sponsor basic compliance assessment£536
Sponsor action plan£1,476
Certificate Of Sponsorship (COS) for Skilled Worker, T2 Minister of Religion, T2 Sportsperson, Intra-company Transfer, Intra-company Transfer Graduate Trainee£199
Certificate of Sponsorship (CoS) for T5 (Temporary worker)£21
Confirmation of Acceptance for Study (CAS) for student, child student£21

8. Hidden Cost

Home Office Fees 2021 and the Hidden Cost

Although, there are no hidden charges, but there is a stark difference between the Home Office Fees and administrative cost of application processing. For instance, the Home Office charges an indefinite leave to remain fee of £2,389, but the administrative cost of processing an ILR application is only £243. Therefore, Home Office is facing severe criticism and court cases to rationalize the end-user fee structure. Nevertheless, to escape the public censure, the HM’s Government decided not to increase the Immigration and Nationality charges in 2019, 2020 and from Jan 31, 2021.

Home Office makes £500m from immigration fees

The Times

ILR, Naturalisation, British Citizenship Fees Vs. Actual Cost

There is a huge disparity between the Home Office Fees and actual cost of processing ILR, Naturalisation and British Citizenship Registration applications. Perhaps, depending on the type of the application, the end user charges are 217.74% to 983.13% higher than the actual cost to process an application. Nevertheless, those applying for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) applications bear the brunt. Quite clearly, the Home Office ILR Fees (£2,389) are ten times (983.13%) higher than the actual cost of processing (£243). Therefore, on each ILR application, the Home Office makes a hefty margin of £2,146.

The Secretary of State has said that only £372 of that fee is attributed to the administrative cost of processing the application
Bailii.org

Cost Per Migration Decision (in-country and overseas)

The average cost per migration decision has decreased from £217 (2010) to £155 in 2019. However, the Home Office fees have increased considerably. For instance, the indefinite leave to remain (ILR), British Citizenship (Nationality Registration Adult) and Naturalisation application fees have increased from £900 (ILR Postal), £580 and £780 in 2010 to £2,389, £1,126, and £1,250 in 2021, respectively.

Table No. 7: Home Office Fees Vs Actual Cost

Application TypeFeesCost
ILR£2,389£243
Naturalisation£1,250£372
Nationality Registration – Adult£1,126£372
Nationality Registration – Child£1,012£372

Table No. 8: Cost Per Decision (CPD)

FYCostDecisionsCPD
2010/11£801 m3.686 m£217
2011/12£750 m3.364 m£223
2012/13£603 m3.326 m£182
2013/14£657 m3.806 m£173
2014/15£592 m3.580 m£166
2015/16£651 m3.759 m£173
2016/17£643 m3.967 m£162
2017/18£612 m3.973 m£154
2018/19£645 m4.160 m£155

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