This relates to the details of UK visa and immigration applications from Pakistan. Approximately more than hundred thousand applicants every year apply for UK visa from Pakistan. Perhaps, the purpose of more than 70% of UK visa applications from Pakistan is to visit the UK for tourism, business and family. However, UK visa refusal rate from Pakistan is more than 35%, which is quite high. Accordingly, the post provides the details of UK visit visa, student and settlement visa applications. And also work visa application and refusal rate from Pakistan.
Details of UK Visa Applications and Refusal Rate from Pakistan
According to Office Statistics, the UK Visa Refusal Rate for applications from Pakistan has experienced a great degree of variations as it has oscillated between 19% and 46%. However, the average refusal rate during 2005-18 has been 35.08%, which indicates nearly one out of three UK visa application from Pakistan is normally refused.
No of Applications and Entry Clearance Grants
As indicated in Table below, as many as 2.03 million (2,034,252) UK visa applications from Pakistan for entry clearance visa submitted between 2005 and June 2018. The total visa grants are approx. 1.32 million (1,320,564). Accordingly, the overall UK Visa Refusal Rate from Pakistan during the past 14 years hovers in the range of 35.08%. On a year on year basis, the UK visa refusal rate from Pakistan was highest (46.34%) during 2015 and lowest (19.84%) in 2011.
UK Visa and Immigration Rejection Rate
So far, during the first two-quarters of 2018, 65,012 applications for UK Visa and Immigration have been made from Pakistan and 44,476 visas have been granted to Pakistani nationals. Therefore, UK Visa Refusal Rate 2018 from Pakistan has been 31.58%. Here it is important to note that in comparison to 2015 and 2016 the refusal rate during 2017 and the first half of 2018 has considerably reduced by 12% points.
UK Visa Applications from Pakistan after 2008
The success rate of Applications from Pakistan decreased to 57.46% during 2008, after the introduction of five-tier points based system (PBS) for processing applications relating to immigration, work, study and temporary or seasonal workers.
After the inception of PBS in 2008, the number applications made from Pakistan never crossed the pre-PBS application level of more than 200,000, as experienced during 2005, 2006 and 2007. In spite of the fact that during 2010, 2011 and 2013, the success rate remained higher than that during 2005, 2006 and 2007. Even in 2012 and 2014, the visa success rate hovered in the range of 67% as during 2005, 2006 and 2007.
UK Visa Application Pakistan and Refusal Rate
|2018 Q 1 Jan-Mar||26,400||17,565||32.95%|
|2018 Q 2 Apr-Jun||38,612||26,911||30.10%|
UK Visa Application Pakistan: Grants by Categories
The total UK visa and immigration grants 1,320,564 were made in the six broad categories. Most of the visas were granted 981,518 i.e. 74.33% of the total grants in the Other, which mainly comprises of Standard Visitor Visa. The total visas granted (excl. visitors and transit) accounts for 384,772 i.e. 29.13% of the total grants. The total settlement and work visa account for nearly 15% of the total grants.
|Category||Grants||% age of Total Grants|
|Study (excl. Short-term students)||152,612||11.56%|
|Short-term students (previously Student visitors)||5,157||0.39%|
|Total Dependant Joining or accompanying:||24,322||1.84%|
|Total Other (mainly visitor visas)||981,518||74.33%|
Visitor and Tourist Visa Application
A total of 44,976, 41,095 and 56,218 Pakistani nationals get the UK visitor visa during 2015, 2016 and 2017, respectively.
UK Transit Visa Applications
In 2015, 2016 and 2017, 86, 63 and 75 Pakistani nationals get the UK Transit Visa, respectively.
UK Student Visa Applications from Pakistan
During 2015, 2016 and 2017, 3,513, 3,922 and 5,012 applicants from Pakistan get the UK student visa.
In 2015, 2016 and 2017, 493, 595 and 730 applicants from Pakistan get the short term study visa. The UK visa Pakistan fee 2018 for short-term study visa up to 6 months is PKR17,468. However, the application fee for short-term study up to 11 months is PKR33,496.
Tier 4 Student Visa
In 2015, 2016 and 2017, 3,020, 3,327 and 4,282 students from Pakistan get the Tier 4 student visa, respectively. In 2017, 4,282 students and their dependants from Pakistan get the Tier 4 with the following breakup:
- PBS – Tier 4 General student (Main apps) – 3,828
- Tier 4 Child Student (Main apps) – 36
- Non-PBS Students (Main apps) – 0
- PBS – Tier 4 General student (Deps) – 418
UK Spouse Visa Applications
During 2015, 2016 and 2017, 5,448, 5,976 and 7,199 applicants from Pakistan get the family visa, respectively. In 2017, 7,199 applicants get the UK family visa from Pakistan with the following breakup:
- Partner i.e. UK visa for Pakistani husband or wife– 6,945
- Partner (for immediate settlement)- 2
- Child- 8
- Child (for immediate settlement i.e. UK Citizen Visa for Pakistani)- 85
- Other- 147
- Other (for immediate settlement)- 12
Dependant Joining or Accompanying
Moreover, in 2015, 2016 and 2017, 424, 387 and 557 applicants from Pakistan get the UK visa as dependant Joining or Accompanying, respectively. The breakup of 557 visas is as under:
- Partner i.e. UK visa for Pakistani husband or wife- 32
- Child- 524
- Other- 1
Furthermore, in 2017, 25 applicants also get UK settlement visa under Other Settlement (indefinite leave).K Immigration and Work Visa Applications from Pakistan
In 2015, 2016 and 2017, 3,686, 3,209 and 3,150 Pakistanis get the UK immigration and work visa. The UK immigration and work visas mostly issued under Tier 1 HS Immigration, Tier 2 Work and Tier 5 Temporary Worker. However, in 2017 apart from PBS, 464 applicants from Pakistan get the Non-PBS Work Visas with the following breakup:
- Non-PBS Domestic workers in private h/holds (Main apps)- 433
- UK ancestry (Main apps) – 5
- Non-PBS Other permit free employment (Main apps)- 26
Moreover, 3 applicants from Pakistan get the UK work visa under Non-PBS
Domestic workers in private households (Deps).
PBS Tier 1 Applications from Pakistan
During 2015, 2016 and 2017, 1,108, 557 and 427 Pakistani nationals and their dependants get the Tier 1 visa. The decrease in grants is mainly due to a substantial decrease in the applications by PBS-Tier 1 General (Deps). Accordingly, the number of visa grants for Tier 1 General Dependants has decreased from 313 to 15 during 2015-17.
The Rising Trend of Tier 1 Visa Grants to the Main Applicants
However, the number of Tier 1 visa grants to the Main Applicant from Pakistan shows an upward trend. Accordingly, in 2016 only 59 main applicants get the Tier 1 visa; however, in 2017, 97, Pakistani nationals get the Tier visa under the following categories:
- Tier 1 Investors (Main Applicants and Dependants) – 7
- Tier 1 Entrepreneurs (Main Applicant and Dependants) – 78
- Graduate Entrepreneurs (Main Applicant and Dependants) – 8
- Exceptional Talent – 3
- Tier 1 General – 1
Apart from 97 Main Applicants, 330 Dependant also get the Tier 1 visa. Therefore, during 2017, 427 Pakistani nationals and their dependants get the Tier 1 visa.
PBS Tier 2 | UK Work Visa Application from Pakistan
In 2015, 2016 and 2017, 655, 666 and 711 main applicants get Tier 2 and Pre-PBS equivalent UK work visa from Pakistan. Moreover, in the preceding three year period 975, 947 and 866 dependant applicants also get the Tier 2 visa.
In 2017, 711 main applicants get the Tier 2 and Pre-PBS equivalent work visa from Pakistan under the following categories:
- Tier 2 General UK work visa applications- 640
- Tier 2 Intracompany Transfers- 2
- Intracompany Transfers -short term- 5
- Intracompany transfers – long-term- 51
- Tier 2 Ministers of religion UK work visa applications- 7
- PBS – Tier 2 Sportsperson – 1
- Work permit holders- 5
- Tier 2 (Deps)- 798
- PBS – Tier 2 Intra company transfers – short term (Deps) – 3
- Tier 2 Intracompany transfers – long-term (Deps) – 62
- Work permit holders (Deps) – 3
Tier 5 UK Work Visa Applications
In 2015, 2016 and 2017, 415, 492 and 493 applicants from Pakistan get the Tier 5 temporary worker visa, respectively. Accordingly, in 2017, 493 Pakistani applicants get the Tier 5 work visa under the following categories:
- Charity Workers Tier 5 UK work visa applications- 6
- Creative and Sporting- 334
- Government Authorised Exchange- 116
- International Agreement- 6
- Religious Workers- 31
Moreover, in 2017, 186 applicants from Pakistan also get the UK Tier 5 Dependant UK work visa.
EEA Family Permit Applications
In 2015, 2016 and 2017, 3,948, 4,418 and 3,899 applicants from Pakistan get EEA family permits, respectively.
Most Frequent Reasons for UK Visa Refusal from Pakistan
Although the reasons for UK Visa Refusal from Pakistan are many; however, these can be summed up in the following three (3) broad categories:
Changes in the Immigration Rules
Importantly, both in 2008 and 2015 substantial changes in the Immigration Rules were instituted and during both these years, the visa success rate remained lowest i.e. 57.46% and 53.66%. This can be attributed to a lack of immediate understanding of the Changes to the Immigration Rules and their implications on the outcome.
Lack of Proper Documentation
By and large, especially in visitor visa applications, most of the applicants do not document visa application in a befitting manner, therefore, makes it quite impossible for ECO to grant a Visa.
Inappropriate Immigration Advice and UK Visa Refusal
Most of the applicants never give importance to proper advice as they are never able to understand the legal intricacies that are involved in submitting a befitting application for grant of a UK visa. Accordingly, they give heed to ill advice by consultants or amateur application filers, who does not have a proper grapple on a visa application and representation.
UK Visa Refusal Pakistan: Reapply, Appeal, Judicial Review
After UK visa refusal an applicant can reapply, especially after a UK visitor visa refusal. Moreover, there is no specified time limit for reapplying after refusal. Perhaps, an applicant can reapply even within a week’s time. However, a reapplication should address the refusal reasons and substantiate the reapplication with appropriate evidence. Certainly, there is no point reapplying without proper homework.
UK Visa Refusal from Pakistan: Appeal or Judicial Review
If the refusal letter provides for a right to appeal then an applicant can lodge an online appeal. Moreover, the IAFT 6 appeal form is for lodging an appeal against entry clearance refusal. The IAFT 6 appeal form is for filing an appeal against entry clearance refusals such as spouse visa, EEA, human rights and asylum claim refusal.
Challenge UK Visitor Visa Application Refusal
Perhaps, UK visitor visa applications from Pakistan accounts for more than 80% of the total visa applications. However, there is no right of appeal against a visitor visa refusal. The right to appeal against a family visitor visa also abolished in 2015. Therefore, apart from a reapplication, the only other alternative is to file a judicial review.
Judicial Review for UK Visa Application Refusal
The points-based applications under Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 4 provide for an administrative review (AR) after refusal. However, AR is a pair group review and chances of overturning a decision are not more than 10%. Therefore, if an applicant thinks that the decision is not appropriate then can opt for a judicial review. Perhaps, unlike a visitor visa application, in case of a PBS application. at times it is not expedient to reapply after a refusal. However, going for a reapplication or judicial review entirely depends on the merits of the case and requires a specialist legal advice.
How to get a British visa from Pakistan?
Apparently, there is no easy way to get a UK visa from Pakistan. Most noteworthy: every year a considerable number of UK Visa and Immigration Applications from Pakistan are refused. Probably, the main reason is the inability of the applicants to document their applications properly. Therefore, it is important to go through and understand the Immigration Rules before submitting a visa application.
Accordingly, you may contact UK Visa and Immigration Specialist Solicitors London for:
- Fresh Visitor Visa Applications
- Family Visitor Visa Reapplication after Refusal
- Judicial Review Tier 1 Entrepreneur
- UK Spouse Settlement Visa from Pakistan
- Spouse Visa Refusal Appeal
- Any other type of entry clearance application from Pakistan such as Tier 1 Investor, Tier 2 Work, Tier 4 Student etc.